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Bornean peacock-pheasant – Facts, Diet, Habitat & Pictures

This peacock species is not only the rarest kind of peacock, but it is also the least known one. The number of Bornean peacock-pheasants is currently unknown. Speculators believe that their total population is close to endangered, and they are multiplying very slowly.

Because of their relatively small population and continuous habitat loss, the Bornean peacock-pheasant is listed as an endangered species under the IUCN Red List. There have been multiple attempts at preserving the population of these peacocks, but only slight improvement.

Origin

Just as their name suggests, the Bornean peacock-pheasant originated from the lowlands of Borneo. Borneo is the third-largest island in Asia and is home to a variety of unique animals and plants. Here, Bornean peacock-pheasants are kept in captivity to protect them from predation as well as increase their population.

However, Bornean peacock-pheasants are not just found in Borneo but in other Asian countries such as Malaysia and Indonesia.

 

Habitat

They are native to lowland forest areas of a Southeast Asian island called Borneo. All Bornean peacock pheasants like to stay and explore places that are packed with fruiting trees and tall grass.

It is only in lowland forests where these peacocks feel most comfortable walking around, resting in the shade, preening, and hunting for food. This is why the wildlife preservation camps in Borneo keep these peacocks in a monitored forest.

 

Physical Features

Bornean peacock-pheasants are much smaller than regular peacocks, which are often labeled as “medium-sized.” The average pheasant is only about 20 inches long.

Although the color differs, they generally have a reddish brown and black spotted body with long crest and nape feathers. Their feathers have metallic blue and green details.

Their eyes have a slight bluish tint with bright yellow skin surrounding them. As for their throats and upper chests, they can be either coated with white or black feathers. On average, they have 22 tail feathers that spread like the propellers of a fan and feature blue and green ocelli, as most peacocks do.

 

Behavioral Features

Peacock-pheasants have a diet that is majorly invertivorous, which means they enjoy feeding on insects the most. Whether it be earwigs, centipedes, insect larvae, isopods, or even termites, these peacocks love to hunt for bugs in the wild.

Aside from insects, they also like to eat berries, peaches, olives, cherries, seeds, and small amphibians (especially frogs).

Other Facts

  • The female peacock-pheasant is smaller and a lighter shade of brown than the male. They also have brown colored eyes
  • Since they are so unknown, they were long considered to be a descendant species of the Malayan peacock-pheasant
  • In a study by BirdLife International in 2001, there were an estimated 1,000-2,499 peacock-pheasants left. This number is much lower as of now
  • They prefer running over flying, and are able to do so at an impressive speed
  • Their brownish gray body feathers make up most of their physical features, and their blue-green ocelli details are much smaller than that of regular peacocks. This is why they often get mistaken as lowland birds other than peacocks

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By Nathan Moy

Hi, Nathan Moy is the founder and CEO of Birdmoy.com . Im passionate about nature and I use this site as a platform to share my experiences, learnings, mistakes, and ideas about birding and nature.

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