Birding Blog

Falcon Vs. Hawk: Who Would Win

Birds of prey are fascinating creatures not only to birdwatchers but to anyone fortunate enough to lay eyes on them.

The air of elegance around these two birds is undeniable. And if you ever catch a glimpse of them through the lens of a binocular, you will surely appreciate their beauty.

However, if you are a casual birdwatcher, there is a good chance that you will not be able to differentiate between a Hawk and a Falcon. Since they share a lot of similarities, it takes a seasoned pair of eyes and some general idea before you can notice the difference.

Are you planning to get into the hobby and spot these birds yourself? Well, you came to the right place. In this article, we will make a head-to-head comparison between Falcon vs. Hawk to help you understand the key differences between the two raptors.

Brief Overview of a Hawk

The name hawk is given to two different categories of raptors. First, you have the forest hawks, which originate from the Accipiters family, and second, the open country hawks come from the Buteos family. Despite the two classes, they share some common traits that define them.

For instance, all hawks have broad wings. Their more enormous wingspan allows them to soar high up in the sky and glide large distances. In terms of body size, they are moderately large. Their talons are pretty long and sharp. In addition, they have a significantly enhanced vision that lets them spot prey from 100 feet away.

Unlike most animals, hawks are not color blind. They can differentiate between different colors. They are also daytime hunters and sleep during the night.

Nowadays, you can find over 270 different species of Hawk in various parts of the world. Although you can find the most species of Hawk in northern and central America, a select few species can also be found in the West Indies and Jamaica.

The Most Notable of the Species Are:

  • Red-tailed Hawk
  • Sharp-shinned Hawk
  • Cooper’s Hawk
  • Goshawk
  • Northern Harrier
  • Bat Hawk
  • Red-Shouldered Hawk
  • Sparrow Hawk

Brief Overview of a Falcon

Compared to a hawk, a falcon is much smaller in size. However, falcons are not to be trifled with when it comes to speed. In fact, it holds the record for the fastest flyer among all of the avian creatures, with a maximum speed of around 242 miles per hour.

The body shape of a falcon is also quite different compared to a hawk. Compared to the broad wingspan of a hawk, the wings of a falcon are pretty narrow. However, their wings are tapered and have pointed tips.

That, combined with the large tail of a falcon, allows it to navigate and maneuver freely at high speeds.

Due to their high flight speeds, they can catch up to their prey quite easily. Similar to hawks, falcons also have excellent vision.

They are deadly predators and can kill their targets almost instantly and carry them off with their beaks. As you may already have guessed, their beaks are pretty sharp and pointed.

Falcons have a bit wider habitat compared to hawks too. You can find some falcon species in different regions even though their species are not as diverse as that of a hawk. Generally, falcons can be categorized into 52 different species.

The most notable out of them are:

  • American Kestrel
  • Merlin
  • Gyrfalcon
  • Peregrine Falcon
  • Lanner

Key Differences between a Falcon and a Hawk

Now that we have given you a basic idea of the two different birds, it is time to head a bit deeper. Keep in mind, though; there are many behavioral similarities between a Falcon and a Hawk, both predatory birds. Apart from physical differences, the differences in other sectors are pretty subtle.

That being said, here is a list of some key differences between the two birds of prey.

  1. Wingspan and Physical Attributes

The easiest way to notice the difference between a hawk and a falcon is to capture them with their wings outstretched. Their wingspans are entirely different, and it easily helps you understand the primary difference between the physique of the two birds of prey.

The wings of a hawk look more like fingers, while the outstretched wings of a falcon are pretty pointy. Because of the design, the flight style of the two birds also varies quite drastically. A hawk, for instance, typically glides across the sky, whereas falcons fly fast and maneuver mid-flight tightly.

  1. Habitat and Range

Falcons have around 52 different species, whereas a total of 270 species of hawks can be found around the world. Both falcons and hawks have adapted to human activities and are quite comfortable living in suburban settings. But there are still slight differences between where you can find falcons and hawks.

When it comes to falcons, you can find five different species in the eastern part of the USA. You can sometimes also spot an extra species that makes its way to the eastern part by accident. In the western part of the country, you can find five other species of the same bird.

You can find Falcons flying in a wide range of habitats including mountains, and forests. However, most of the time, you can spot them near grasslands.

Wetlands and sea coasts also see their fair share of falcon activities. As you can see, they can adapt well to almost any environment.

However, falcons typically do not roam around suburban settings. That is where hawks truly stand out. Though hawks can be found in deep forests and open country regions, they can also be spotted regularly near suburban environments.

  1. Hunting Habits and Flight

The hunting habits of a falcon and a hawk are pretty different. One of the main features you can spot right away isto catch one of these birds in the middle of their hunting dive. However, catching a glimpse of these birds at this time is quite tricky.

Simply put, falcons hunt with their beaks while hawks use their talons or claws. You can notice a notch on the beaks of a falcon. But the beak of a hawk is entirely smooth.

Both of these birds can swoop in for the kill extremely fast, but a falcon is slightly speedier compared to a hawk.

When it comes to flight speed and navigation, falcons have a greater edge. Because of their narrow and pointed wings, they can maneuver through shrubbery and wilderness and soar through the open air with maximum velocity. Their talons are used for capturing their prey, but they usually kill them with their beak by severing the backbone.

On the other hand, falcons glide smoothly across the sky, stalking their prey. They not only ground target but also sometimes feast on smaller birds. Typically, they dive onto the prey and kill it using their beak or stun it using their feet before killing it.

  1. Prey Species

The two birds also share some similarities when it comes to their choice of food. Their preys are often interchangeable. Whatever differences there are in terms of prey species is mostly dependent on the type of habitat where the bird lives.

Both hawks and falcons can feast on mid-air birds and ground insects, and larger animals. Since both of these birds are carnivores, their diets are pretty similar. Typically, they prey upon birds, reptiles, small animals like rabbits and squirrels, and rodents.

  1. Color Patterns

Before you look too much into the color patterns, you need to understand that the color of each bird can vary quite drastically depending on the species you are looking at.

For instance, the Red-Tailed Hawk comes with a white chest and sometimes gets brown spots on their wings, backs, and heads despite the name. As these species of hawks get older, they develop a red tail.

Typically, most falcons favor a grey complexion, while most hawk families come with brown as their primary color.

Again, this can vary depending on which species you are scouting. But if you have nothing else to go on, this can give you a clue which bird you are looking at.

  1. Interaction with Human

The idea of using birds of prey for hunting is not exactly new—the first instances of using falcons or hawks for hunting animal dates back to 1300 BC.

But which of the two birds are more adept at it? Both can serve you well, but it also depends on the bird species to some degree.

Typically, many falcon species can be domesticated and used for hunting perfectly if the trainer knows what theyare doing. Since the bird is quite intelligent, it catches on to training quite fast.

However, it mostly goes after songbirds, which can be a nuisance if you use it for hunting for food.

Hawks also can work quite well. But not every species of hawks is up to the task. But the good news here is that you can also tame and domesticate smaller hawks.

However, using a larger hawk for hunting or keeping it as a pet is usually not possible. It can be perilous, especially if you do not know what you are doing.

Hawk vs. Falcon: How to Identify Easily

Although hawks and falcons are two entirely different birds of prey, it can be hard to distinguish between them at first glance. If you are getting into the hobby of birdwatching, then the following three tips will help you identify it right away.

  1. The Head

There is a subtle difference between the shape of the head of the two birds that can help you identify it.

However, it is most useful when you look at the head from an indirect angle. Looking at it from a straight angle might not help you identify the difference that easily.

Typically, there is a slight notch above the beak in the head of a falcon. It allows them to catch their prey easily with their beak. However, hawks do not have this notch since they hunt using their talons.


  1. Wing Shape

Looking at the wing’s shape and size is also a great way to identify whether it is a hawk or a falcon.

Falcons usually come with narrow wings with pointed ends. In comparison, the wings of a hawk are wider. The ends of a hawk’s wings are also rounder compared to that of a falcon.

Furthermore, if you look at larger hawks, their wings resemble fingers with parted feathers at the ends. This enables them to maneuver with extreme precision and turn in any direction quickly while flying.

  1. Flight Pattern

What if you catch one of these birds through your binoculars mid-flight? Well, analyzing its flight path is another excellent way to identify what you are looking at.

However, this means that you want to follow the movement of the bird closely, at least for a couple of seconds.

With falcons, you will see the bird flapping its wings quite frequently and rapidly. On the other hand, hawks typically glide over longer distances and flap their wings only after covering certain distances. Typically, falcons are also much faster than hawks.

Final Thoughts

At first glance, it might seem that the difference between a hawk and a falcon is exceptionally subtle.

However, veteran birdwatchers will be able to tell what they are looking at almost immediately without any effort. The reason behind it is that they know what they arelooking for.

Our guide on Falcon vs. Hawk should help you understand the key differences between the two birds. After some practice, you will be able to figure out which bird you are looking at without too much trouble. This would make your next birdwatching trip even more exciting and memorable.

Read Also: 

Junco vs. Chickadee

Raven vs. Crow

Falcon vs Eagle

Birding Blog

Raven vs. Crow | What’s the Difference?

Is there a difference between ravens and crows? According to most people, there is no distinction – they’re both simply black birds. But in reality, these two types of Corvidae (bird family) are quite different.

So, in our raven vs. crow guide, we’re going to explore the differences between ravens and crows and why you might choose to identify one over the other. Let’s get started!

The Corvidae Family 

The Corvidae family is a classification of oscine passerine birds. Some members of this family are crows, ravens, magpies, nutcrackers, etc. the Corvidae family is also known as the crow family. Corvids are the most intelligent birds found so far.

What Type of Birds Are Ravens?

Ravens are the largest type of perching bird. Their size is almost like a hawk. The raven is a scavenger and a predator. These birds soar high, gliding through the wind.

Their wings are larger and display a wedge-shaped tail. The color of the wings is deep black, with hues of gray, brown, deep blue, and sometimes dark purple.

Ravens are omnivorous and will eat whatever is available. They tend to stay with families and care for each other. Ravens have a lifespan of around 10 to 15 years.

What Type of Birds Are Crows?

Crows are a common sight everywhere. They are known for their intelligence, and loud ‘caws.’ Crows are also scavengers and predators. They mostly feed on the ground, on anything.

Crows are omnivorous. They fly by flapping their wings frequently. Their wings are smaller than ravens, and their tail is rounded. Like ravens, their wings are also mainly black, occasionally a hint of deep blue, purple, and gray.

Crows live in large families and care for each other. The average lifespan of crows is from 7 to 8 years. But they can live for much longer, especially in warm temperate regions.

The Confusion About Raven and Crow

From the descriptions of the two birds above, you can tell they are very much similar. So, there is always confusion about the exact differences between crows and ravens. Let us find out!

What Is the Difference between Ravens and Crows?

Let us break into specific factors how ravens and crows are different from each other.

  • Scientific name

The scientific name of common American crows is Corvus brachyrhynchos, while the scientific name of the common raven is Corvus corax. That means ravens and crows belong to the same genus Corvus but are different species.


  • Flight pattern

Ravens soar high while crows flap wings frequently and fly in a lower path than ravens.

  • Size

The wingspan of ravens is larger than those of crows. Their bodies are also bigger than crows. Ravens have a larger body structure. The beaks of ravens are bigger and curved, unlike crows.

When you compare a crow side by side with a raven, you can clearly see the difference in their appearance, starting from the height.


  • Lifespan

The average lifespan of ravens is 10 to 15 years, while the same for crows is 7 to 8 years. Both of their regions overlap. They are well suited for places with warm temperatures. Crows can live longer if they live in weather conditions suitable to them.

  • Breeding period

Ravens usually start their mating period around January. The mating period for crows starts around March.

  • Friendliness

Crows are social birds that are found to be on friendly terms with humans. However, ravens are known to be less friendly and more aggressive.

  • Availability 

Crows are a common sight almost everywhere in the world across varieties of habitats. Urban or rural places, you name it. You’ll find crows everywhere. However, ravens are very uncommon.

They are mostly found around the northern hemisphere. You might see a big crow flying around your neighborhood once in a while – those are probably ravens.

Fun Fact About Raven and Crow

Ravens and crows are often tied together in mythologies. Both of these black birds hold ominous meanings in different cultural depictions.

Ravens and crows are often interchanged in the stories, and different events with them are considered to have different meanings, generally negative ones. These birds are symbolized by different qualities.

Are Raven and Crow Enemies?

That’s right. Ravens and crows do not generally get along. They don’t become friends. Due to their similar food habits, they are often competitors. Ravens might even prey on crows for food.

But when there’s any squabble between crows and ravens, it is more likely that the crows are the aggressors instead of the larger-sized ravens.


Frequently Asked Questions

  • Can crows and ravens remember faces?

Ravens and crows are so intelligent that they can even remember the faces of humans they interact with once.

  • Are ravens smarter than crows?

Ravens are believed to be slightly smarter than crows. Both of these birds are the most intelligent bird species.

  • How many calls do the ravens have?

Unlike crows, ravens have 7 different calls.

  • Can crows imitate the calls of other birds like ravens?

Yes, ravens and crows share this specialty. They can imitate the calls of other birds and animals, too, sometimes.

  • Why are ravens and crows so smart?

Due to the neuron structure in their brains, ravens and crows can interact with the environment for their lifestyle at a much more advanced level than other birds.

  • Are ravens and crows related?

Ravens and crows both belong to the Corvus genus but are separate species.

  • Do crows and ravens hybridize?

No. Crows and ravens reproduce only with their own species. Hence they are not interrelated in terms of breeding.

Final Words

Ravens and crows are very closely related. However, they are not the same species. There are many differences – starting from their flight patterns, appearance, and other factors. Hopefully, this article cleared out your confusion about raven vs. crow.

Read Also: 

Junco vs. Chickadee

Falcon Vs. Hawk

Falcon vs Eagle


Binocular Repair Near Me 2022

So, You need to repair or service your binoculars. You are finding the right place to get your beloved friend get going again.

Vortex Binoculars Repair

They have a Service Request Form. to be filled. Then shipping needs to be done to the below address.

Vortex Optics
Attn: VIP Warranty
One Vortex Drive
Barneveld, WI 53507

More Detail on website-

Nikon Binoculars Repair

With both mail-in and in-person service available, their expert technicians provide diagnostics, maintenance, warranty, and repairs for nearly all Nikon products.

Website link-

Bushnell Binoculars Repair

Bushnell binoculars carry a warranty of 20 years

USA Address:
Bushnell Holdings, Inc.
Attn.: Repairs
9200 Cody
Overland Park, Kansas

Canada Address:

Bushnell Holdings, Inc.
Attn.: Repairs
140 Great Gulf Drive, Unit B
Vaughan, Ontario L4K5W1

Website Link-

Zeiss Binoculars Repair

You can also call ZEISS Sports Optics Customer Service at 1-800-441-3005.

Website Link:

Swarovski Binocular Repair

Address for USA:-

Swarovski Digital Business USA Inc.
Attn: SOP Returns
2 Slater Road
Cranston RI 02920

Address For Canada:
Schenker of Canada
(For SCO)
3210 Airway Drive,
Doors 1 – 10
Mississauga, Ontario.
L4V 1Y6

Address for Europe:
MS Direct Austria GmbH
c/o returns
Scheibenstrasse 3
AT-6923 Lauterach


Steiner Binoculars Repair

Website: For US and Canadian Customers)

For other

They have also a parts section where Many parts for Steiner products can be found

Visit or call 772-325-1515, ext 1

Pentax Repair Services

You can contact them at for repairs and related services.

Repair Shipping Address:
Precision Camera
7 Anngina Drive
Enfield, CT 06082

Check This link below for More Details on Out Of Warranty Repair

World Wide Listing For Pentax Repairs

Celestron Binoculars Repair

They Need Return Authorization Number (RA/RMA number) for returns or replacement.

More Info-

Viking Binoculars Repair

For repairs, you fill in their repair form, pack it carefully and send your binoculars to:

Repair Department
Viking Optical Ltd
Blyth Road
Suffolk  IP19 8EN

You can contact them for re-alignment and overhaul charges.
Call on 01986 875315

Opticron Binoculars Repairs

Please pack the equipment for repair, carefully and ship it to the below address. Don’t forget to mark the parcel as  Service Dept.

Address: Opticron, Unit 21, Titan Court, Laporte Way, Luton, Bedfordshire, LU4 8EF, UK


Vanguard Binoculars Repair

You can contact the customer care by filling the repair format below link

Web link:-

Leica Binoculars Repair

Please package your equipment carefully and send it via an insured carrier to
Leica Camera Inc.
1 Pearl Court, Unit A
Allendale, NJ 07401

service phone 201-995-0051
parts phone 201-995-0051

Canon Binoculars Repair & Service

They have expert technicians and highly equipped facilities for repair and regular maintenance.

Get More Service and Repair Info Here:

Binocular Repair Centres in the US


Address:-U.S. 918.652.3386
Ship: 1408 Briarwood Ln. Henryetta, OK. 74437
Payment: Visa, MasterCard, Discover, and Paypal.

More info-

You can use their services even if you are located in Denver, Maryland, Safco, Newyork, California, or any other MaJor US cities

Binocular Repair Seattle and San Francisco Bay Area

You can contact Suddarth Optical Repair | Henryetta, OK
Phone: 918-652-3386

Another Seattle based Company is cloud break optics could help in getting your binoculars repaired.

Call: 206-327-9826
Curbside Pickup: Mon-Fri: 10am to 3pm
Phone/Email Support: Mon-Fri 10am to 5pm
2821 NW Market ST, STE G
Seattle, WA 98107

Binocular Repair Services in San Diego

Contact them for additional information about your repairs and other related services.
Address: 2425 Shelter Island Dr, San Diego, CA 92106, USA
(619) 222-8096
(619 222-9713 fax

Binocular Repair Services in California

Company Name: Mountain optics
Contact info-

105 CopperWood Way Unit/Suit G, Oceanside, CA.
For more info visit their website:

Binocular Repair Services in the UK

Company Name- York Camera Mart

18 Church Street
01904 642491


2. Company Name- OptRep

Address: OPTREP
16, Wheatfield Road, Selsey
West Sussex, PO20 0NY, United Kingdom
Telephone: 01243 601 365


3.You can also check Richard’s Website:

Action Optics
18 Butts Ash Gardens, Hythe
SO45 3BL

Phone: 02380 842801
Mobile: 079 77 88 1482

Binocular Repair Services in Australia

Company Name -Astronomy Alive

Astronomy Alive is owned & managed by Cris Ellis who is well known in astronomy in Australia & globally.


6B (rear) Howell Street,
Bentleigh, Vic., 3204


2. Another Company- optical Repairs

They also claim to have customers from UK, Canada, USA, South Africa, New Zealand

Details-Malcolm Eames
Phone / Fax: (07) 3715 5603
Mobile: 0407 007 116

Address-Optical Repairs
PO Box 3344
QLD 4076


3. Company Name-Optics Central

They are offering only warranty repairs as of now. Please contact them on the website below for more details.


Binocular Repair Services in South Africa

1. Company Name – Future Specialist

They claim to have experience of over 25 years in the technical repair industry.

Address- 135 daisy Street, Sandton, Johhanesberg


More on Website- website-

2. Company Name- Cameratek

They are another Authorized Repair Centre providing Under Warranty and Out of Warranty Repair Services across South Africa.

They have branches in both Johannesburg and Durban.


📍 226 Harry Sneech Road , Strijdom Park Randburg 2169.
📞 011 251 2400

Monday to Friday : 08:00 AM – 16:30 PM
Saturday: Closed

📍 1 Torsvale Crescent , La Lucia Office Estate, La Lucia Ridge ,Umhlanga, 4319. Office 3G
📞 031 566 6669

Monday to Friday: 08:00 AM -16:00 PM

Website Link-

Binocular Repair Services in Canada & Vancouver

Company Name- Markarian Optics

Markarian Fine Optics
1481 Kingsway
Vancouver British Columbia V5N 2R6


Company Name: Camtex

They are established in 1979. They service and repair most of the company brand binoculars.

Address:  2382 Kingsway, Vancouver, B.C. V5R 5G9

Call: 604-734-0242


Another Company is Ontario Based

Address: Sun Camera Service
2150 Steeles Ave West
Unit 5
Concord, Ont. L4K 2Y7


Read Also:


What to Look for When Buying Binoculars

A good pair of binocs can enhance your outdoor exploring experience to the max. But, it’s hard to tell which pair actually live up to what they promise. With new brands entering the market and newer types of binocs being promoted every day, it can get overwhelming to step into the world of exploring as a newbie.

If you’re having trouble figuring out what to look for when buying binoculars, don’t worry, you’re one of the many. In this article, we’ve compiled all the factors you need to assess to buy the best binocs on the market.

We’ll go through the most important features, types of binoculars, and a small guide to help you choose binoculars best suited for your intended purpose.

6 Factors to Consider Before Buying Binoculars

Binoculars are an investment. Before taking the big step of splurging on a good pair of binoculars, you need to consider a few factors regarding quality. Waterproofing, durability, and portability are important, but there are more features to consider if you want great binocs that will last long with unfaltering quality.

The following points should be carefully examined while browsing through different binocular brands and types:


The most common magnification popular binoculars have either 8x or 10x. Before knowing the difference, it’s important to know what the magnification of a binocular is in the first place.

The magnification of a binocular is the measure of how close the image of an object will be to you; the maximum magnification a binocular can have is 12x, at which you get the best high-resolution images from a long distance.

It will be difficult to get clear images of very far-off objects with an 8x magnification. Whereas, with the 10x magnification, you can get a more detailed view of an object 10 times larger from a 90-yard close distance.


Objective Lens Diameter

The inside diameter of the optical lens frame of a binocular is called the objective lens diameter. How bright the image produced by a binocular will be, especially under low-light conditions, is indicated by this diameter.

The greater the effective diameter of an objective lens, the more light it can capture. If your binocular lens can trap more light, you get vivid and blur-free images.

However, most binoculars with large effective diameter lenses measuring more than 50mm or higher tend to be heavier. Consequently, carrying it around everywhere will become daunting.

It’s wise to go for binoculars with a medium objective lens diameter between 28mm to 50mm. They are cost-efficient, relatively lightweight, and produce good image quality.


Lens Quality and Coating

Most binoculars have a single thin layer or multi-layered chemical coatings on the lens surfaces. This is done to reduce the loss of reflected light and improve light transmission. If the lens quality is not up to the mark, it can lose up to 5% of the light that passes through.

Image quality can also be enhanced by lens coatings. To maximize the transmission of all the basic hues in the light spectrum, many binocular manufacturers apply multiple thin coatings of up to 80 layers.

With technological advancements, water-repellent coatings are also getting popular. These coatings on the outer side of objective lenses prevent water from sheeting. Instead, the water forms beads, making the clean-up process easier.


Field of View and Exit Pupil

This refers to the amount of view expressed in feet that you will be able to see from a distance of 1000 yards without moving the binocs. A wider field of view will help you to see, follow, and decipher between moving objects better.

The higher the magnification power is, the narrower the field of view will be; the apparent field of view mentioned on your binocs simply refers to the real field of view times the magnification.

Exit pupil is the measurement of the diameter of the image formed on the eyepiece of your pupil. Dividing lens diameter by magnification can give you the exit pupil.

Light rays pass through the exit pupil, through the system, and then are finally delivered to your eyes and form a clear picture. The larger the exit pupil diameter is, the more light is trapped within the binoculars and reflected onto your eyes. This greatly impacts the quality of the image and your viewing experience.


Weight and Eye Strain 

An important factor to consider before choosing a pair of binocs is the weight. Before buying, test out the binoculars to check if they’re easy on your hands and wrists. Carrying heavy set binoculars to and fro can cause muscle strain or fatigue, so assess them carefully before making your purchase.

Try to look for binoculars with an eye relief feature to reduce the chance of damage to your vision. The binoculars that tend to be the most taxing on your eyes are the cheap ones found at local stores.

High-end binoculars will go easy on both your eyes and hands and are definitely worth the investment. Don’t let the hefty price tag force you into settling for binocs that will tire you out.



Binoculars are susceptible to moisture damage, especially if they are used in humid areas. Little moisture or water appears as fog on your lenses, restricting light from passing through. Looking through such blurry images can be damaging to the eyes as well.

Waterproofed binocs won’t only keep your lenses safe on a rainy day but will also protect them from unwanted air, dust, pollutants, etc. Water-resistant lenses also prevent water from contaminating the internal components of your binoculars.

If you plan to travel to humid areas, make sure your eyepiece is adequately waterproofed. Regular binocs generally come with a layer of waterproofing as a shield to provide moderate protection against damage.

Which Binoculars Should You Get? 

Now that you know what to look for in a good set of binoculars, you also need to know which pair is best for your intended activity. Not all binoculars are built for all outdoor occasions, which is why they come in a number of different builds.

According to the activity of your choice, these are the types of binoculars you should look for –

Travel and Sightseeing

Since you’re going to be spending a lot of time on foot, make sure you go for a lightweight and compact pair of binocs. They should be easy to carry, preferably with a neck strap or travel case. If you’re visiting humid or rainy environments, make sure the binocs have suitable waterproofing.

Mid-range magnification and field of view should be fine for traveling purposes.


Bird Watching and Wildlife Viewing

To fully capture vast views in technicolor, you should opt for binoculars with a wide field of view. As birds and other animals are moving objects, they tend to come off as a fast blur with low-powered binocs. Instead, go for a pair with a magnification power between 7x to 12x.

Also, if you want to truly enjoy your experience and all the bright colors of nature, try to get binoculars with a large exit pupil. This will ensure a lot of light enters the system to form vivid imagery.


Regular Outdoor Use

For everyday to occasional use, binoculars with adequate waterproofing, durability, and portability are a must. They should be lightweight, strongly built with long-lasting material, and easy to carry/put away.

A magnification power between 8x to 10x is best for this type of use. If you intend to use the binocs in dimly lit settings or during late daytime, make sure they have a large objective diameter to trap in the most light.



Similar to wildlife viewing, you should also look for binoculars with a wide field of view for marine use. A large objective lens diameter paired with a large exit pupil will enhance the colors and sharpness of your view by trapping more light inside the binocs.

Of course, waterproofing is crucial to prevent moisture damage in this case. For vivid imagery, go for a set with a vibration reduction system to stabilize images as you view them.



Higher powered magnification binoculars are crucial for astronomy purposes as they provide a clearer picture of the dark sky. So, try to look for a magnification power of 8x or higher.

In order to see stars, you need binoculars that will allow the maximum amount of light to pass through. This means you will have to look for binocs with a large objective lens diameter as well as a large exit pupil. To brighten and sharpen the image, make sure the binocs are aberration-corrected.



Going to theaters or museums does not require very high magnification powers, so anywhere between 4x to 10x should be fine. These binoculars should be lightweight and easy to carry. Also, try to make sure they have an eye relief feature to prevent strain from staring into them for too long.

A focusing distance of about 2 meters with an adequate field of view should give you a great viewing experience.


Sports and Live Events

In large stadiums or arenas, binoculars with a wide field of view and high magnification provide the best viewing experience. They can be anywhere from 7x to 10x magnification power and are preferable with a zoom in/out feature.

Again, make sure they are lightweight and go easy on your hands and wrists. Since you’re going to be looking through them for a while, opt for a pair that has an eye relief feature.


Frequently Asked Questions

  • What strength of binoculars is best?

Anywhere between 6x to 10x magnification power is easy to use for regular outdoor activities. But, for specific activities such as birdwatching or wildlife viewing, you might need a higher magnification power of 8x to 10x.

Which strength of binoculars is best depends on what your intended purpose for it is.

  • How do I know what strength binoculars I need?

You don’t need high strength if you’re using binoculars for regular outdoor use. But, for activities such as sightseeing, sporting events, and birdwatching, high magnification power is preferable. For more details, refer to our Which Binoculars Should You Get? section.

  • What makes a good pair of binoculars?

Out of all the various features a pair of binoculars can have, durability, waterproofing, and portability are the top most important factors. These determine the overall quality of your binoculars.

Aside from that, magnification, objective lens diameter, lens quality, lens coating, field of view, exit pupil, weight, and eye relief functionality also count. You can find out more about these specific features in our 6 Factors to Consider Before Buying Binoculars section.

  • How many types of binoculars are there?

There are altogether three main types of binoculars. They include monoculars, Porro prism, and roof prism. Their main differences revolve around their inner structure and the way in which light rays pass through the prisms inside them.

  • How do you differentiate binoculars?

There are model numbers printed on the body of binoculars to help you to differentiate between them in terms of magnification and size.

For instance, a pair showing “8×42” means that the magnification power is 8x and the objective lens diameter or size is 42. The size is in millimeters but is not often shown explicitly on the label.



To put it simply, the best binoculars you can buy on the market should have good waterproofing, durability, and portability. As long as these three factors are in check, you have a great pair of binocs in your hands.

In order to actually know what to look for when buying binoculars, you have to ask yourself what your intended use for the binocs is and which activities you plan on using them the most for. If you still haven’t figured this out, you can skim through our ‘Which Binoculars Should You Get?’ section for more details.

Read Also:

How Binoculars Work

How to Clean Binoculars & Their Lenses

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Blog Wildlife

Ducks Vs Geese Differences Explained

Ducks and geese are the same Anatidae species, but there are some major differences in these birds. They differ in size, weight, color, food preference, behaviors, and many more. 

Having that said, both of these birds have some things in common as well.

Whatever it is, this article is all about ducks vs geese comparison. Check it out to find some interesting facts about these birds. 


Take A Quick Look at The Differences between Ducks & Geese

Duck Geese
Ducks have a small & compact body Geese are bulkier than ducks
They have a short neck They have long necks
Compared to the geese, ducks have shorter legs Geese have long, thick legs
They have shorter wings Geese have longer wings than ducks
Male ducks usually have bright plumage They are black, grey, and white plumage
Ducks do not have a migrating mindset Geese are migratory birds
They are omnivores; hence they eat insects, small fishes, snails, and aquatic plants They are herbivorous and eat small grass, algae, etc.
Duck’s bill is long and wide Geese bills are pointy and short
Wild ducks look for new breeding partners each season They tend to stick to a single partner for a long time
Depending on the breed, ducks lay around 5 – 18 eggs in a month Wild geese lay anywhere between 2 – 7 eggs during the laying season
Duck eggs are small Geese eggs are bigger than duck eggs
Most ducks have a lifespan of 10 – 15 years. Wild geese can live up to 20 years
Ducks weigh around 2 – 5 pounds Geese are usually heavier than ducks and weigh around 15 – 20 pounds
Ducks have a friendly nature Geese are very aggressive, especially in mating or nesting season


Ducks Vs Geese – All The Differences Explained

In this section, we have discussed every difference between geese and ducks in detail. 



The easiest way to differentiate geese from ducks is by checking the color and appearance. Generally, ducks are very colorful. Their feathers are usually bright and have intricate patterns. Both the male and female ducks come with different color patterns.

Generally, male duck heads are brightly colored with either dark blue or green color. Most of the male ducks have jewel-tone colors on their head, which not only make them look attractive but also helps distract the predators. 

The head color also plays a crucial role in reproductive matters since female ducks are attracted to those colors. That being said, female ducks have dull colors on their heads.  

Geese, on the contrary, don’t have many variations of colors. They are usually in dull colors, which are definitely not as attractive as ducks. Both the male and female geese are in the same color.

Geese are often found in either black, grey, or white colors. Having that said, their feet come in different colors. Some geese have pink feet, some brown, and some even have orange-colored feet. 


Eating Habit

Geese are herbivores which means they are vegetarian. They are not very picky when it comes down to food. They eat almost all aquatic plants, small grass foliage, shrubs, etc. Some wild geese like to eat small insects as well. 

Ducks, on the other hand, are Omnivores meaning they eat everything. They enjoy plants, grass, snails, worms, fish, and insects; whatever they can fit in their bills. Snails and insects seem to be their favorite food.

There are 3 types of ducks that eat differently –


  • Dabbling ducks keep their tail and feet up in the water while putting their bills under the water, looking for food, and eating.
  • Sea ducks generally stay on the shores and look for fish in the shallow water.
  • Diving ducks dive into the water and catch their prey.


Mating & Breeding 

Duck and geese both are monogamous birds. The only difference is one is less monogamous, and another is more. Monogamy means sticking to one partner for a lifetime. 

And geese do stick to one mating partner for life. They are more like humans. They have attachments to their mating partners and don’t want to mate with another as long as the former partner is there.

Geese often suffer depression and loneliness when their partners die, and some get aggressive. That being said, once they have grieved the loss and got stable, they may find another partner and mate. 

On the other side, ducks aren’t like that! Compared to geese, ducks have very low attachments to their mating partners, which is why they keep changing their partners every season. 

Furthermore, after mating, the male duck doesn’t take any responsibility for the eggs or the ducklings. The female duck has to take care of everything. But that’s not the case with geese. 

Both male and female geese share equal responsibility. They take turns sitting on the eggs and taking care of the babies together. 



Since geese are bulkier and longer than ducks, they weigh more. A wild duck weighs anywhere between 2 – 4 pounds, whereas wild geese can weigh up to 8 pounds. 



The biggest difference between these two birds is their size. Ducks have compact and small bodies compared to geese. Their necks, as well as legs, are small and short. The average length of ducks is 15 – 20 inches. That is because they have fewer bones, less than 16 bones on the neck. 

On the other hand, geese’ necks have anywhere between 17 – 23 vertebrae, which is why they have longer necks and are heavier than ducks. Their legs are long and thick. And the average length of geese is 30 – 50 inches. However, the size of these birds varies from breed to breed. 

Both of these birds have webbed-type feet, which helps them swim better. 


Bill Shape

Even though geese are bigger in size, they have a smaller bill than ducks. Geese’s bill is short, slightly narrowed, and pointy. Probably that is why geese are vegetarians. And as mentioned before, ducks have a wider, flat, and long bill. 

Moreover, different duck breeds have slightly different bills. For example, Dabbling ducks’ bill is a little rounded, and the size is the same as their head. On the other hand, the canvas ducks bill is a little narrower.

Duck bills have a soft sensory edge, which enables them to feel the food by touch, exactly how we use our fingertips to feel things. Their bills have nails that help them move food. 

Another interesting thing is that duck bill has a thing called lamellate, which kind of works like a filter. They expel inedible foods using it.

There are variations of bills in geese as well, just like ducks. For example, Canada geese have a straight bill, whereas snow geese bills are slightly curved.



Geese and ducks make different sounds. While ducks make a “Quack” sound to communicate with others, geese make more like a “honk” sound. 

When migrating in groups and any of the geese fall behind the pack, others make honk sounds to motivate the lonely one to keep up. 

Compared to the geese, ducks are way too vocal. And unlike geese, they make noises very often. When they are nesting, they quack to let others know. Ducks make noise to let others know about their locations and to scare humans or other predators. 

They even make noise when they are lonely. In other words, ducks are more expressive than geese. 


Egg Production 

Ducks lay more eggs than geese. Even they lay more eggs than chickens. Moreover, they are year-round layers and very regular at producing eggs. Duck eggs are decent-sized and have a higher nutritional value. 

On the flip side, geese’ eggs are almost twice as big as ducks and three times bigger than chickens. Not only are they big, but their eggs also have higher nutritional value than ducks. And they are expensive as well. 

However, the only downside of geese is that they are not year-round layers like ducks or chickens. They are seasonal layers that start laying around May and stop before September. 



Compared to ducks, geese have a longer lifespan. They can live anywhere between 8 to 12 years, and ducks have a maximum lifespan of 3 – 8 years. However, captive ducks tend to live a little longer than that. 

One big reason why geese last longer than ducks is their size and aggressive behavior. Even goslings have a fighting nature! But ducks are small, and they end up getting caught by predators. Half of the ducklings don’t even live a year due to predators and other natural conditions. 



Ducks can be called social birds because they are friendly and grow with humans. On the other hand, geese are the complete opposite. Geese aren’t as friendly as ducks or chickens. They are always cautious of humans and keep an attacking mindset. 

Geese are called territorial birds, which means they like to stay uninterrupted in an area. In other words, they don’t like to share the space with anyone. And if any animal or human reaches their territory, they get aggressive. 

Apart from that, geese tend to attack humans more in the mating or nesting season. As you know, geese are protective about their mating partners, eggs, and babies. And during the mating seasons, they allow nothing to interrupt them. This aggressiveness is something that keeps wild geese alive for longer. 



Ducks eat both plants and meat, so their flesh is tender, which gives you a taste similar to any other poultry. And geese are herbivores, meaning they don’t eat meat. As a result, their meat contains high fat and is slightly darker. Geese meat gives a sweet taste and has a good flavor.

Geese vs duck meat, which one tastes the best? Well, it’s a never-ending debate. It is very hard to tell which meat is tastier since people have different tastes and different people cook differently.  


Is A Goose Or Duck A Better Pet?

Actually, both are good choices as a pet, depending on people’s preferences. If you’re someone who is fond of beauty, then probably duck is your thing as they come with colorful feathers compared to geese. 

Even though geese come in dull colors, still some people find them beautiful enough for their yards. 

And those who like slight aggressive birds, geese are a perfect fit for them. Apart from that, they also bring big nutrition-filled eggs to the table. 



The major differences between ducks and geese are the size, behavior, mating, and lifespan. So, if you are thinking about having one of these, then this duck vs geese comparison should be enough to help you make a decision.

But to give you a heads up, geese are aggressive and lay fewer eggs than ducks. This is the reason why many people prefer ducks over geese. But if you personally like geese, then there is no harm in getting them. 


Read Also: 

Junco vs. Chickadee

Falcon Vs. Hawk

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Blog Wildlife

Bornean peacock-pheasant – Facts, Diet, Habitat & Pictures

This peacock species is not only the rarest kind of peacock, but it is also the least known one. The number of Bornean peacock-pheasants is currently unknown. Speculators believe that their total population is close to endangered, and they are multiplying very slowly.

Because of their relatively small population and continuous habitat loss, the Bornean peacock-pheasant is listed as an endangered species under the IUCN Red List. There have been multiple attempts at preserving the population of these peacocks, but only slight improvement.


Just as their name suggests, the Bornean peacock-pheasant originated from the lowlands of Borneo. Borneo is the third-largest island in Asia and is home to a variety of unique animals and plants. Here, Bornean peacock-pheasants are kept in captivity to protect them from predation as well as increase their population.

However, Bornean peacock-pheasants are not just found in Borneo but in other Asian countries such as Malaysia and Indonesia.



They are native to lowland forest areas of a Southeast Asian island called Borneo. All Bornean peacock pheasants like to stay and explore places that are packed with fruiting trees and tall grass.

It is only in lowland forests where these peacocks feel most comfortable walking around, resting in the shade, preening, and hunting for food. This is why the wildlife preservation camps in Borneo keep these peacocks in a monitored forest.


Physical Features

Bornean peacock-pheasants are much smaller than regular peacocks, which are often labeled as “medium-sized.” The average pheasant is only about 20 inches long.

Although the color differs, they generally have a reddish brown and black spotted body with long crest and nape feathers. Their feathers have metallic blue and green details.

Their eyes have a slight bluish tint with bright yellow skin surrounding them. As for their throats and upper chests, they can be either coated with white or black feathers. On average, they have 22 tail feathers that spread like the propellers of a fan and feature blue and green ocelli, as most peacocks do.


Behavioral Features

Peacock-pheasants have a diet that is majorly invertivorous, which means they enjoy feeding on insects the most. Whether it be earwigs, centipedes, insect larvae, isopods, or even termites, these peacocks love to hunt for bugs in the wild.

Aside from insects, they also like to eat berries, peaches, olives, cherries, seeds, and small amphibians (especially frogs).

Other Facts

  • The female peacock-pheasant is smaller and a lighter shade of brown than the male. They also have brown colored eyes
  • Since they are so unknown, they were long considered to be a descendant species of the Malayan peacock-pheasant
  • In a study by BirdLife International in 2001, there were an estimated 1,000-2,499 peacock-pheasants left. This number is much lower as of now
  • They prefer running over flying, and are able to do so at an impressive speed
  • Their brownish gray body feathers make up most of their physical features, and their blue-green ocelli details are much smaller than that of regular peacocks. This is why they often get mistaken as lowland birds other than peacocks

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Birding Blog

Hilarious Pictures of Owl Legs for You to Enjoy

Owls are interesting creatures with hilariously long legs; once you realize how much of their legs are hidden under their feathers, you’ll probably never get bored staring at owl legs!

If you were on the hunt for funny owl images, here are lots of hilarious pictures of owl legs for you to enjoy.


Owl Leg Pictures You Don’t Want to Miss

Do you see what I meant by long legs? This owl here has an almost human-like expression of annoyance, as his/her definitely not happy to show his/her skinny legs! Speaking of which, owls actually have slim bodies despite their fluffy appearance.

Here’s a skeletal representation of the body of an owl, next to a naked owl without any feathers and a fully-grown owl. As you can see, their legs make up almost 70% of their total height! You may ask, why do owls need such long legs? Continue reading to find out!

Owls are one of the best hunters in the animal kingdom. When it comes to hunting, they’re no less than a ninja trying to hit their target as silently as possible! Even barn owls can capture fat rodents and similar animals with ease, and that is possible because of their ‘extra-long’ legs. 

Although owls are one of the cutest birds around, they can still look quite aggressive and fearsome. For example, this owl here may be giving a death stare to the photographer for invading his/her privacy!

Have you ever wondered how an owl walks with their long legs? Look at the big human-like strides he/she takes with every step! Who would’ve guessed that owls carry such monster-sized legs under their feathers while flying?

Speaking of flying, it does look like a lot of hard work for this owl to hold its own legs up! However, not all owls are slow flyers like barn owls; some breeds, such as the Great Horned Owls, can reach speeds of up to 40 miles per hour!

Here’s a snap of a Great Horned Owl; they are the quintessential owls of storybooks, with long ear-like tufts and intimidating stares. They also have a relatively deeper hooting voice than most other owls.

Barn owls are the most common type of wild owls, and here’s one standing with his/her prey in its beak! They usually hunt small ground animals such as small mammals and insects, which they usually locate with their super sharp hearing ability.


As I’ve mentioned earlier, owls can give off intimidating stares that can even scare off adults. I mean, just look at the attitude of this owl; s/he could literally stare straight into your soul. But those are some very cute legs, though!

Here’s a bunch of baby owls. The one at the front looks like s/he’s got serious anger issues, while his/her siblings look equally angry but unconcerned with the presence of the photographer. I wonder if they were hooting ‘get out of here’ in owl language! 

Here’s another picture of an owl walking. This is a Burrowing owl, which usually has a small stature but long legs for powerful strides. This little bird here looks very focused on its mission with a stern look in his/her eyes; I wouldn’t mess with him/her!

What does it look like the baby owls are saying? “What do you want here?” “You don’t have any business here; leave!” The puffy feathers make it look like they’re wearing a skirt. I wonder how they would look with some stiletto heels!

But not all owls look intimidating. For example, this owl here looks like a very friendly little bird. His/her cute eyes may have a stern look, but I would probably melt if s/he looked at me and blinked!

But then again, some owls have a natural ‘do not mess with me’ appearance! Burrowing owls can be seen sprinting in their territory during daylight. Can they give the gold-medalist Usain Bolt a run for his career? Only one way to find out!

Ever wondered what an owl would look like walking down a fashion show ramp? Look at this bird flaunting a perfect pose with her/his extended wing. S/he almost looks like a professional model to me!

“Excuse me, sir. Can you not invade my privacy?” said the owl, who was having a moment. Relaxing in the sun with your legs stretched out sounds like a great idea, and this owl here seems to be loving it!

Look at this super cute owl sitting with its legs crisscrossed. Thanks to his/her cute appearance and beautiful eyes, s/he almost looks like a fat cat that resembles an owl!

Did you know that owls swallow their prey whole, then burp out the indigestible bits such as bones? They’re quite brutal to their own kind as well; owls are known to eat other owls!

Here’s a weeks-old baby barn owl making a run for it! 

Jokes apart, owls generally feed their stronger babies first and leave the weak ones in negligence. How can such cute creatures be so cruel? We’ll never know.

Do you need a guard to look over your fortress? This owl may be the perfect candidate! Thanks to its long legs, it has a quite tall stature; s/he’s probably looking for his/her next kill or conspiring against a fellow owl.

There are tons of interesting and weird features of owls. For one, they can twist their head around a 360-degrees! Pairing it with their acute sense of hearing, it is quite understandable why owls are so good at hunting.

I can literally hear this owl challenging me to a one-on-one fight. S/he was probably telling the photographer to make a run for it if he wanted to leave the owl’s territory alive! Jokes apart, his/her legs do look hilariously long.

This owl here may be late for a meeting, and s/he looks determined to reach his/her destination no matter what obstructions appear. The intimidating yellow eyes can cause fear to even the bravest animals in their territory!

Owls are often referred to as magical creatures in fairy tales and storybooks. Is this owl here flying, walking, or floating in mid-air? Guess we’ll never know! (S/he was prancing around.)

Imagine being looked down upon by this large owl; although it has a pretty fearsome appearance due to its intimidating yellow eyes, the long legs are still funny to look at! 

Here’s a determined ball of fluff, running on two sticks to win a marathon! Jokes apart, some owls have a furry body while some are very slim and small. For this owl, it’s actually hard to determine if you should be scared or amused by its hilariously long legs.

This owl here looks extremely surprised about something; maybe s/he saw an owl with short legs? Speaking of which, they have unparalleled night vision, but it is often said that their visibility is affected in bright lighting conditions.

This owl looks like s/he has some serious tricks up its sleeves for the dance floor! Their claws are very sharp, which helps them in gripping their prey tightly whenever they’re hunting for food.

Ever wondered what a smiling owl would look like? Well, here’s a picture of a huge smiling owl! Due to its furry body, the owl’s claws are barely visible, let alone his/her legs. This birdie here is one of the 200+ species of owls!

In this picture, you can see a pair of nesting barn owls. Owls are very caring birds, and they’ll do anything it takes to protect their partners and eggs! In fact, the photographer of this image needed months just to earn their trust, so he could get up close to take pictures of them.

Lately, it seems like owls have been taking sports very seriously. Don’t believe me? Look at this owl here, stretching his/her legs to warm up before s/he starts working out! Jokes apart, this owl was just having a moment under the sun.

Are you having a bad day? This picture of a drenched baby owl is sure to brighten your mood! Speaking of which, his/her intimidating eyes look like s/he’s probably very, very angry at his/her rescuer. 

Here’s another hilarious picture of a drenched owl. This bird here has spread its wings slightly and is standing straight facing the sun in order to dry himself/herself. Doesn’t s/he look like a very wise owl? 

I’m actually confused if this owl looks scary or cute; I mean, look at his/her round, shiny, and huge eyes! It gives off a sweet as well as murderous vibe at the same time! Also, do you notice how sharp his/her claws are?

Do you recall that I mentioned owls to be ‘weird’ and ‘interesting’ creatures? Weird because… just look at him/her! If I were to encounter this bird in a forest, in the dark, I’d definitely be running for my life!

Common Types of Owls and Even More Hilarious Pictures

Statistically, there are more than 225 species of owls across the globe. They are spread around the world depending on various factors such as the ecosystem, weather, and the time of the year. While some species of owls are migratory, others tend to stick around their territory.


Here are 6 of the most commonly seen owls in the world –


  1. Snowy Owl

Also referred to as the polar owl, the Arctic owl, and the white owl, the snowy species is native to the Arctic areas of the Palearctic and North America. One of the largest owls in the world, all other birds are wary of its huge size. 

If this owl seems familiar, it’s most probably because you’ve seen ‘Hedwig’ from the Harry Potter movies!


2. Barn Owl

The most commonly seen species of owl in the world, barn owls, can be found in nearly all regions across the globe except for desert and polar regions. The special thing about barn owls is their hunting skills; they have unbeatable low-light vision and impeccable hearing ability. 

Here’s a cute picture of 3 fairly young barn owls; do you see the different facial expressions they’ve got?

3. Great Horned Owl

This species of owl is also called the tiger owl and the hoot owl. These owls are extremely adaptable birds, and they can survive in almost all climates. They get very aggressive in hunting and often inflict harm upon themselves by attacking animals like porcupines and snakes. Talk about fearlessness!

The most distinctive feature of the great horned owls is their ‘horns,’ which are actually ear-tufts. Generally, these owls are represented most in storybooks and other pictorial representations. 

4. Burrowing Owl

Another popular species of owl is the burrowing owl. They’re relatively smaller but have long legs to make up for it. Burrowing owls can be commonly found in open landscapes throughout the world, such as grasslands, agricultural areas, or any open and dry region.

Burrowing owls are popular with humans as they’re a ground-dwelling species. They’re not scary like the larger owls on this list; I mean, just look at this cute picture!

5. Barred Owl

Visually similar to the burrowing owl species, barred owls are fairly big with a large round-shaped head without ear tufts. Barred owls produce a rather distinctive hooting sound that is higher pitched than most other owls. Known as opportunistic hunters, a barred owl’s diet consists of various kinds of animals.

Compared to most other owls, the barred owls have deep black eyes that look very adorable! Although it may look scary at night, it’s still not as intimidating as a burrowing owl.


6. Little Owl

As you may have guessed from its name, this specie of owls is relatively smaller and can grow up to about 20 centimeters. They’re not as popular across the world as other owls on this list, but they’re still quite common in European and Central Asian regions. 

Little owls are associated with Athena, the Greek goddess of wisdom, as well as Minerva, the Roman goddess of arts.

In western traditions, little owls are viewed as a symbol of intelligence and wisdom. Speaking of which, these fluffballs do like very wise and intelligent birds!

Final Words

Hope all these owl pictures were entertaining enough for you. I’m pretty sure if you dig further, you’ll come across lots of hilarious pictures of owl legs for you to enjoy even more. 

If you want to pet an owl, be sure to check if your local authority doesn’t have any issue with that. Otherwise, you’ll have to face a lot of hassle.

Read Also:

Beautiful Backyard Birds In Michigan

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10×42 vs. 10×50

What is a Group of Chickens Called

How to Clean Binoculars


Birding Blog

10×42 vs. 10×50 Binoculars | Which One Is Better?

Binoculars can serve a purpose in different activities, from our hobbies to professional work.

Now, depending on our specific purposes, different binoculars are suitable for us. 10×42 and 10×50 binoculars are quite the hot topic now. So, which one is better? What are their differences?

Well, the answer lies in the numbers. The first number (10) refers to the magnification power, while the second number (42 or 50) refers to the size of the objective lens.

Our 10×42 vs. 10×50 Binoculars comparison guide will go into the details of what sets them apart. So, read on to learn which one is a better choice for you.


The Thing About Binoculars – What Do the Numbers Mean?

Binoculars are basically two telescopes based on one platform that allows both the eyes to view an object from afar together. Like any other technical tool, binoculars also have some specifications. Let us talk about the number that describes the specification of binoculars and what they mean.

10×42 vs. 10×50 Binoculars | Which One Is Better?

  • Magnification of the Binoculars

In the number 10×42, 10 means the binocular’s magnification is 10 times. Yes, that means in binocular size specifications, the first number is always the magnification.

The bigger the number, the bigger the image you will see through the glasses. Whether or not you need specifically larger or smaller magnification depends on your use.


  • The Objective Lens 

When we are talking about a 10×42 binocular, the second number indicates the objective lens size in mm. It means a 10×42 binocular has a lens size of 42mm each. These lenses capture the light from the object and take it to the next step. So, the lens is an important factor.


The Different Uses of Binoculars 

Binoculars are used in many activities. Starting with things like wildlife viewing, hunting, hiking, and stargazing. And to events like gold, sports events, nighttime viewing, marine activities, etc., different types of binoculars exist for these purposes. The sizes, weights, and specifications for all of these may differ.


About 10×42 Binoculars 

10×42 binoculars have a magnification of 10x, and the size of the diameter of the lenses is 42mm. For outdoor or wildlife-related activities, 10×42 binoculars are a great choice. The 42mm objective lens provides a bright image of the object, and the 10x magnification provides a standard, clear view of the object.

People mostly prefer these 10×42 binoculars for watching outdoor activities like concerts, sports events, hunting, wildlife viewing, or bird watching. These binoculars are a pretty popular option as it is cheaper, easy to carry around, and great for normal use.


About 10×50 Binoculars 

10×50 binoculars have 10x magnification and 50mm diameter of the lens. While the magnification is the same as the previous one, the diameter of this is slightly bigger. The overall shape and weight of 10×50 binoculars are bigger too.

Now, the difference that comes due to the 50mm objective lens is that due to the bigger lens size, it can capture more light. As a result, it helps with viewing images even during low-light situations.

The price of the 10×50 lenses is slightly high too. This binocular can be used almost the same as 10×42 ones. So, where’s the big difference? 10×50 binoculars can also provide clear visions during night times, or at least in very low light conditions. This allows you to observe things from very far away, even at night.


Which Factors to Consider Before Choosing the Right Binocular

Now, you have decided to spend on binoculars for yourself. Which factors do you have to keep in mind? Take a mental note:

  • The purpose of the binoculars
  • Your budget for buying the binoculars
  • The magnification that works best for you
  • Weight and physical size
  • The diameter of the objective lens
  • Whether it is waterproof or not (and whether you need it to be)


10×42 vs. 10×50 Binoculars, Which One Is Better?

  • When 10 x 42 Binoculars Are the Better Option 

When it comes to general usage, 10×42 binoculars might be the right one for you. These binoculars are easy and light to handle. They are pretty cost-effective and will serve the purpose when it’s for general uses like bird watching etc.

In perfect lighting, the quality of its image could be as good as a 10×50 binocular. This binocular is water-resistant and prevents fogging up the glass. It avoids any disruptions while working with them.

The images by this one are bright and sharp enough unless used for very specific scientific purposes. This binocular is also a lot easier to carry around than 10×50 ones.

  • When 10 x 50 Binoculars Are the Better Option

If you are looking for binoculars that will give you a top-notch quality image and work well even at night, 10×50 binoculars might be just the one for you. These binoculars are not only a step-up in terms of quality thanks to their larger lenses, but they also provide good images at night.

Long-term observations and long distances work best with this one. Just like 10×42 ones, 10×50 binoculars are also water-resistant. They also prevent the glass from fogging.

So if you need binoculars for night observations starting with stargazing or observations while camping at night, these are the right ones. However, 10×50 binoculars are pretty expensive. The resolution, image brightness, and sharpness are much better than the 10×42 ones.

From the descriptions above, weigh your pros and cons. Even test some out before deciding on which one to finally buy.

Frequently Asked Questions

  • Why are 10×50 binoculars better?

10×50 binoculars have better quality images, thanks to more light falling on the surface of the lens. Moreover, these lenses also provide vision in low light settings.

  • Which magnification works best in binoculars?

Binoculars with magnification of 8x to 10x are generally the best kind.

  • Are 10×42 binoculars good?

10×42 binoculars are popular among binocular lovers for their affordability and features.

  • How can I choose the best binoculars for myself?

To pick the right kind of binoculars for yourself, you should first have a budget in your mind and decide why you need the binoculars. Then start looking for binoculars that fall under that category.


Final Words

When it comes to choosing binoculars, you cannot really find a ‘better’ version in general. The features of each binoculars differ. A type of binoculars that will suit one activity best might not suit a different activity.

So, you have to weigh your options and your requirements and choose which one is the best choice for YOU. Hopefully, from the 10×42 vs. 10×50 Binoculars comparison above, it will be easy for you to select which ones to get the next time you hit the market.

Read Also:

How Binoculars Work

How to Clean Binoculars & Their Lenses

best brand for binoculars

Birding Blog

Which Brand Is the Best for Binoculars?

Binoculars are resourceful devices to have with you when you’re outdoors hunting, birding, at the theatre, or a sports event. It’s essential to purchase binoculars from well-known brands to avoid wasting your money on a substandard device that would break easily and fail to deliver quality image viewing.

It took a good amount of time to compile this list of brands with many years of expertise, innovation, and professionalism in making and selling binoculars. You may already have seen some of these brands on TV, in newspapers, and in magazines.

By going through this article, you would gain more knowledge about each of these brands and their best sellers. Hopefully, by the end of this, you would know which brand is the best for binoculars!


Best Brands of Binoculars Based on Popularity and Craftmanship

Binoculars are used for birding, hunting, sports watching, theatre, and astronomy. But they are not made equal. Craftsmanship and the materials used to build them play a big role in the output of each brand of binoculars.

Below is a list of binocular brands that rank the highest in terms of expertise, variation, and performance. If you have the budget and the mental readiness for it, you can just take your pick from this list!


They are a leading company in the binoculars industry. Celestron has manufactured and sold millions of high-quality binoculars, and the features of each model get better every day! Read about its top 3 binoculars in the section below.

71404 TrailSeeker

This one is lightweight, easy to store, and provides top-notch optical illustrations. It’s strong and well-protected, so even if you drop it by accident, you won’t have to immediately visit the repair shop!

Being fairly expensive, it comes with a lens protector, water-proof feature, and several other accessories for user convenience. This amazing device is most suitable for wildlife viewing and tracking.

72031 SkyMaster

This one happens to be more affordable than TrailSeeker. Stargazing is one of its best attributes. Its magnification capacity is superb, and the lens performs well in low-lit conditions. On the downside, the device can be quite heavy to carry around.

You can use this device in different weather conditions due to its waterproof and nitrogen purged coating. Interchangeable eyecups, stylish construction, and multiple accessories make this binocular a must-have!

71256 UpClose G2

Another fantastic creation of Celestron. In fact, this binocular is the most popular of them all!

What makes it so special? It’s affordable, has vivid color rendering, has thick rubber-coated construction for durability, includes a carrying case and lens protection, and the view is amazing even in faint lighting!

It’s your perfect mate for up-close viewing but not so ideal for distance viewing. Image quality is dark in the distance, and using it for too long may strain your eyes.


Nikon is a name known to everybody, especially in the world of all-terrain binoculars (ATB). For every notable outdoor activity, a Nikon binocular is a must. Top-selling Nikon binoculars are illustrated below.

Monarch 10×42

One of the best Nikon has to offer with an optical system of dielectric multilayer prism coating and extra-low dispersion glass. Mostly popular for safari, cruising, and birding, it was made for serious outdoor enthusiasts!

It provides an excellent viewing field no matter the distance from the object. Enhanced contrast, true color rendition, optimal resolution, and rubber-covered shell make this binocular the most convenient and durable option.


The favorite of all sports lovers. Just like any other high-rated binoculars, this one also possesses excellent ergonomics, a comfortable grip, an environment-friendly optical system, and a shock-proof rubber body.

You won’t be disappointed if you take it to your next birding and hunting trip. Even the price is quite affordable. However, the only drawback is that it’s not suitable for viewing in low lighting conditions.


Whether you’re a professional hunter or an avid traveler, Bushnell has something for everybody! This brand has been in the binocular industry for over 60 years, so these people know what they are making and selling. Here are its best sellers!

H20 10×42

A heavy-duty, high-performing binocular for marine environments. Due to its rugged build, you can expect it to thrive in harsh conditions, even in a wet atmosphere. The chassis is durable and shock-absorbing.

You get a carry case to carry it with you, and no matter where you are, it gives you excellent light transmission. Since its body is so tough and heavy, you may struggle to use it for too long. But this baby is fog-proof, water-proof and can provide superior eye relief.

Trophy 10×42

This is the trophy you take to the hunting ground and return with some extras for dinner. It can offer an unmatched viewing quality even in the faintest presence of light in the wild. Its multi-coated lens is arsenic-free and lead-free, making it an environment-friendly option.

Hunting is effortless with its 325 feet field of view! Images appear sharp, clear, and bright, while the exterior ensures soft grip and non-slip features. In all, mud, dirt, or moisture – nothing can get in the way between this binocular and your passion!


Although not as noteworthy as Celestron, Nikon, and Bushnell, Opticron has somehow made its name in the binocular industry over recent years. Despite its limited presence in the market, it can’t be underestimated!

Adventurer II WP

Lightweight, easy to carry, and affordable to begin with. What makes it so popular is its eye relief capacity, especially for glass wearers. Its twistable eyecups can extend or retract based on your eye comfort level.

Although not designed for long-distance use and trekking, for the price, it’s valuable, especially for beginners. The ergonomic design of the binocular is beautiful, fully multi-coated, and waterproof. You get a clear view of the night sky with great contrast and bright colors.


How to Choose the Best Brand for Binoculars?

You shouldn’t just buy whatever brand of binoculars you see on the shelf, especially if you have a special hobby. Poor quality binoculars won’t produce the desired outcome, and you would be disappointed at the end of the day.

Hence, even if you’re a beginner, we want to help you understand and identify the best binoculars for your needs.


Decide How Much You’re Willing to Pay

When it comes to binoculars, you don’t want to be stingy. The best ones would be pricey, but they provide pristine image quality. On the other hand, the lower-priced binoculars may not be able to produce high-quality images.

However, due to advancements in modern technology, it’s possible to obtain a good binocular at an affordable price.

The quality of workmanship and material improve the higher the cost of the binocular. So, if you’re struggling to decide which one to get, think about the intended use of the binocular.

Are you getting one for hiking or just for your feeder window? Birding, wildlife viewing, hunting, and star gazing may require an ascended level of binoculars compared to golfing, theatre, and watching a sports event.


What Type of Magnification Do You Want?

The type of magnification you want for your binoculars is a matter of personal preference. It may also depend on the intended use of the device.

For example, 10x is ideal for distance birding, hunting, and wildlife viewing. You would have a narrow view of the object, the image would be slightly dark, and any shaking of hands would be noticeable. A 10x magnification can make an object that is 100 meters away appear to be 10 meters away.

On the other hand, 8x makes a small image wider, easier to identify animals, and brighter image quality. Needless to say, there is no good or bad magnification.

A binocular with a magnification of 6x to 10x is easier to control, hence, it’s recommended for theatre and sports. But to reduce shaking, bird watching, and tracking moving objects, you can opt for a magnification of 8x to 10x.


Try Out Different Models

You never know what works for you until you have personally tested them. Don’t just listen to what others are saying about a certain model. Get a feel of the brand yourself before buying a binocular.

The shape of your face, the size of your hands, and how you focus – all play a significant role in choosing the right binocular. To test these factors out, go to a binocular store, hold the different brands in front of your face, and look through the lenses of each and every one of them.


Find the Right Exit Pupil for You

The exit pupil determines how bright the image would appear when you look through the binoculars, and also the effect of shaky hands on the quality of viewing. An exit pupil of 5 mm is recommended for a dimly lit environment.

To get the exit pupil, you must divide the lens diameter with the magnification of the binocular. For example, a binocular with an objective lens diameter of 32 mm and a magnification of 8x should have an exit pupil of 4mm. This number is suitable for viewing in faint lighting conditions.

Just to let you know that binoculars with lower magnification and objective lens diameter won’t be able to take in too much light. Therefore, you can’t get the most out of that device in all types of environments.


Target Blazing, Crips, and True Color

There is no point in getting binoculars that can’t produce fine image quality. It should be able to produce true colors that are sharp and can portray details in the background. The bins of the device must be bright as well.

Since most binocular stores are brightly lit, to understand how well a device performs, you must observe it in a lowly-lit environment.

A good brand would provide details of the binocular’s clarity or crispiness score on the label. Any device with an objective lens diameter less than 30 mm is a no-no for every situation.


Know the Type of Prism 

The size and appearance of the binoculars are dictated by the type of prism it has. A prism corrects the direction of view, whether vertically or horizontally, to make the landscape appear natural. In fact, without a prism, a binocular would end up making images look flopped or upside down!

When you’re considering the type of prism that you want, make your choice from either roof or Porro. In a roof prism, its glass elements are streamlined and not difficult to fold.

On the contrary, a Porro prism is capable of providing a wider and deeper field of vision, better than a roof prism. It does so by bending the light path, shortening it, and spreading the object far apart.


How Is the Eye Relief?

Eye relief is the most optimal distance between the binoculars and your eyes. Some binoculars use dioptric adjustments to fine-tune eyepieces according to your optimal eye visibility.

Elemental eyecups can fold back to let your eyeglass lens sit close to the ocular lenses, but some eyecups can be modified to set the right viewing distance for the user.

Typically, though, binocular models with longer eye relief have a narrower field of view than the ones with shorter eye relief. You should attempt to get binoculars that can give you a broad viewing field without compromising on your eye relief.


Type of Glass Used

The type of glass used to build the lens and prism matters more than you think. The generic glass contains minor faults that are not limited to improper polish, projecting skewed colors, blurry focus, and distorted edges.

In comparison to that, specialized glass displays no distortion, produces clear images, the contrast of the viewing is high, doesn’t bend light transmission, and renders true colors.

Some brands have come up with ‘eco-glass’, which is environmental-friendly and doesn’t use arsenic or lead in its construction. Although this feature won’t necessarily influence the image quality of the binoculars, it won’t harm the environment when you dispose of them.


To Sum Up

The brands that have been listed here have transformed the construction, performance, and features of their binoculars over and over again to suit the needs of modern consumers. Hence, you can be confident when you’re trying to purchase one of these devices.

Other than that, make sure you study a bit about the different elements of the binoculars so that you know what you want. That’s it for now, folks! Take care!

Hope you got it straight about which brand is the best for binoculars meeting all your preferences and purpose.

Read Also:

Birding Blog

Dove vs. Pigeon Differences Explained 2022

When you think about doves and pigeons, you might think of one being a notorious bird, while the other being a sign of peace and harmony. However, both doves and pigeons come from the same bird family of Columbidae. And when it comes to the comparison between dove vs pigeon, there are no scientific differences. 

In fact, the terms ‘dove’ and ‘pigeon’ are used interchangeably throughout the world. So, why do they have different names if they’re the same bird? How can we distinguish between a dove and a pigeon? 

I’ve addressed the key differences between these birds in this article. So, once you’re done reading it, you can easily tell apart a dove from a pigeon!

More on Pigeons and Doves

As of this year, 300+ species have been recognized in the bird family of Columbidae. These birds are highly adaptable, and they can be found everywhere in the world except for the Antarctic, the Arctic areas, and the hottest regions of the Sahara Desert. You’ll usually see them in grasslands, urban areas, and forests.

What Doves and Pigeons Feed on?

Both birds follow a strict diet of frugivorous and granivorous food, such as fruits, flowers, wheat, sunflower seeds, and more. 

But sometimes, they’ll feel like eating insects, worms, lizards, and even snails! 

If you want to attract these birds to your backyard, you can scatter grains and seeds on the ground.

How to Be Friends with Them?

Doves and pigeons are known for being highly sociable with humans. It is easy to lure them with their favorite seeds. At first, they’ll be a little skeptical about interacting with you. But once you take a handful of their favorite seeds to them, they’ll eventually come close and start eating from your hand!


Doves and Pigeons Can Be Trained

Did you know that pigeons are considered to be the first domesticated birds? 

In Mesopotamian history, pigeons are portrayed in art forms from as early as 4,500 BC! 

From very early in human history, they were used as messengers to transport letters, which may have potentially saved millions of lives during wars. 


Differentiating Dove vs Pigeon

As both doves and pigeons come from the same family of birds, their appearances are not too different from each other. Generally, pigeons are larger than doves. Pigeons also have straighter tails in comparison to doves’ fanned-out tails.

Since there aren’t any scientific differences between pigeons and doves, they can be distinguished based on the following factors.


Body Size

Doves are the smallest members of the Columbidae bird family. This is because some pigeons, such as the crowned pigeon, can get as long as 30 inches and weigh more than 8 pounds! 

However, most of the pigeons we see weigh from around 0.5 to 9 pounds while also being a tad bit larger than doves.

On average, fully-grown doves are around 22-30 cm long. On the other hand, adult pigeons measure from 32-35 cm long. 



Another way to tell apart doves from pigeons and vice versa is their tails. Doves have a more fanned-out tail in comparison to the straight and pointy tails of pigeons. Pigeons’ tails are also usually shorter in length than doves’ tails.



Pigeons are plump birds with small bills. They can be identified by their skin saddle between the forehead and the bill. 

Usually, the flocks of birds waiting for tourists to drop breadcrumbs are pigeons. You can also distinguish them by their hilarious way of walking; they strut about while bobbing their heads.

On the other hand, doves are slightly smaller with more rounded bodies and pointy bills. Like pigeons, doves are also known for being sociable with humans. 

In terms of behavior, both birds come from the same family so there isn’t a lot of difference between them.


Training Abilities

Both doves and pigeons have similar characteristics. They’re easy to tame as they enjoy interacting with humans. Since they’re docile and affable creatures, you can easily train them to work with your commands. 

However, you may need to work with them for some time before they’ll trust you.


Vocal Sound

Although both birds produce sounds with the same tone and loudness, pigeons have a longer call-in than doves’ call.


Doves and Pigeons as Domesticated Birds

Domestic doves and pigeons can make for great pets! They love their people and don’t trouble them too often. They’re low-maintenance pets that won’t bite, chew, or disturb you like other animals. Since they’re social birds, they should be housed in groups with at least two pigeons/doves. 

Usually, pigeons/doves are easy-going birds that learn household routines. They can live peacefully and at peace with most other animals. 

As a matter of fact, they’re not afraid of big dogs and cats! But if you’ve got bigger animals at your house, you should first let them familiarize themselves with each other, and ensure that they’re kept safe.

Always keep in mind that doves and pigeons aren’t independent pets like cats and dogs. You’ll have to take care of them properly. If you’re unsure about it, make sure to know enough about these birds before you take on the responsibility! That being said, here are some aspects of having doves/pigeons as pets.



You can create small perch-styled houses for them from wood. If you do, make sure that the birds have sufficient room inside. You’ll also have to clean their houses at least once a week to prevent risks of diseases. Keep in mind that pigeons and doves are sensitive birds. Make sure to not scare them away!


Diet & Care

As mentioned earlier, pigeons and doves feed on seeds and grain mixes. However, you should also add vegetables and fruits into your diet. Make sure they are finely chopped so they can chew the food properly. You’ll also have to provide them with fresh water frequently. 


Health & Common Issues

Doves and pigeons are susceptible to a wide range of diseases. We’ll save the scientific names of diseases for later. All you have to know is that their environment should be kept as clean as possible. Did I mention that you’ll have to give them fresh water regularly? 


Foods That Are Forbidden for Pigeons and Doves

Although pigeons and doves can have a varied diet, certain foods/drinks may be detrimental and dangerous to their health. Some of them are:

  • Processed, artificially flavored, and fried human food
  • Chocolate items
  • Sugary drinks & carbonated beverages
  • Apple and pear seeds
  • Avocado, onion, garlic, and similar items
  • Coffee & Caffeinated drinks
  • Candies such as chewing gum, cookies, etc.


Frequently Asked Questions

  • Can pigeons mate with doves?

Although the terms ‘dove’ and ‘pigeon’ are used interchangeably, doves are slightly smaller than pigeons. These birds aren’t known to interbreed in wild habitats, but they may be mated in captivity. 

  • What happens to a dove when its mate dies?

After a dove’s partner dies, they are known to watch over the body of their mate. Although it shouldn’t be related to human emotions, the birds apparently feel the loss. The doves eventually find new mates.

  • Can a dove be tamed?

Doves are known to be hands-off pets. They’re very sensitive birds, and forcing interaction with them will terrify the bird. On the bright side, doves are quite sociable so you can get them to eat food from your hand. In some cases, doves can be hand-tamed.

  • How many years do doves live?

On average, the life span of most breeds of doves is 1.5 years. In some cases, domesticated doves can last for longer.

  • What is the difference between a pigeon and a dove?

There aren’t any scientific differences between doves and pigeons. They come from the same Columbidae family of birds, which has 300+ species. Doves and pigeons share visual features, but pigeons have a slightly bigger body and a longer, pointy tail.

  • Do pigeons love humans?

Pigeons are known to be loving companions that can be as affectionate as any other pet. If knowledgeable owners can raise their birds properly, they’ll quickly bond, and the pigeon will start learning commands. Usually, pigeons like to hang out by riding on their favorite human’s head/shoulder.

  • Are doves good pets?

Doves are very sociable birds, and they love interacting with humans. They can be wonderful pets because of their curious, affectionate, and social nature. Moreover, they’re easy to take care of, due to which doves are classified as low-maintenance pets.

  • Can you befriend a pigeon?

When you first get the pigeon, keep it anywhere in your house except for the kitchen. Try staging close to its cage so that it sees you more often. Eventually, you’ll bond with the bird. Although it may take some time for a pigeon to adjust to a new home, you can certainly befriend a pigeon.


Final Thoughts

Now that you know the differences between dove vs pigeon, you should be able to tell apart doves from pigeons and vice versa. 

Doves are smaller in size with a more flattened-out tail, while pigeons are slightly bigger with a longer, pointy tail. If you need a low-maintenance pet, doves/pigeons are great options!

Read Also: 

Junco vs. Chickadee

Falcon Vs. Hawk

Falcon vs Eagle

Ducks Vs Geese


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