Birding Blog

Falcon vs Eagle | Difference Explained 2022

Falcons and eagles are both very respected and feared in the bird community. They are both very deadly and fast and can easily attack and kill their prey. However, even though their behaviors and looks may seem pretty similar, you will find many differences between them if you inspect closely.

If you are interested in birds and, more so, in falcons and eagles, you have surely wondered about the characteristics of falcon vs eagle, Especially about what makes them different from each other.

Fortunately for you, we will explain all the differences there are between falcons and eagles.

Falcon Vs Eagle

At first glance, both the eagle and the falcon look very similar. From a distance, you might not even be able to distinguish them at all.

Before, scientists, too, were confused as they had grouped these two ferocious birds in the same group. But after DNA analysis, it has now been found that they belong to different families.

Even though there are some similarities between them, they have some pretty distinguishable features which will help you separate them.

Explained below are the differences between falcon and eagle.


  • Taxonomy

Both falcons and eagles have somewhat the same taxonomy as their kingdom is Animalia, the phylum is Chordata, class is Aves, and order is Falconiformes.

But they differ in their family as falcons are from the Falconidae family, and eagles are from the Accipitridae family.

  • Species

Falcons have more than 40 species, and eagles have more than 60 species.

  • Size

Eagle is more prominent than falcon in size. The height of an average eagle is 40 to 110 centimeters, whereas the height of an average falcon is 20 to 70 centimeters.

In the case of weight, an eagle weighs 450 grams to 10 kilograms, and a falcon weighs 70 grams to 1.5 grams.

  • Wings

The shape of eagle’s wings is round, and they are broad in size. On the other hand, the wings of falcons are pointy and long.

  • Wingspan

An eagle has a more enormous wingspan than a falcon. The average wingspan of an eagle is 110 centimeters to 3 meters, and the average wingspan of a falcon is 50 to 140 centimeters.

  • Color

Eagles are brown, golden, grey, and black in color. Falcon is usually white, silver, black, and red in color.

  • Eyes

Eagles have a ridge over their eyes that look like eyebrows. But falcons do not have this feature.

The eye color of eagles is yellow, whereas flacons have dark brown, black, and sometimes blue eyes.

  • Legs

Falcons’ feet color varies from greet yellow. On the other hand, eagles have thick-feathered legs.

  • Tomial Tooth

Falcons have tomial teeth to help with their hunting and killing of their prey. However, eagles do not have this feature to help with their hunting.

  • Sounds

Eagle has a screech of high pitch. On the other hand, the sound of a falcon ranges from a shriek to a whistle.

  • Preys

An eagle commonly preys on mammals, fish, waterfowl, snakes, and turtles. The preys of a falcon are rabbits, small birds, and rats.

  • Preying Technics

Eagles swoop in to capture their prey and kill them with their talons. They might also eat their prey alive.

Falcons fly close to the ground and dive deep to strike and catch their prey. After they catch their prey, the falcons hurtle them to the ground, where they die. Falcons never eat their prey alive.

  • Habitat

Eagles mainly reside in deserts, lands of grass, and arctic tundra. For falcons, they primarily dwell in lowlands or forests.

Eagles are spread all over Canada, Australia, South America, the United States, Africa, and Eurasia. Falcons are mainly found in Asia, Europe, and North America.

  • Speed

A falcon is faster than an eagle. The flying speed of falcons is up to 250 mph or 400 kph. However, the speed of eagles is up to 210 mph or 330 kph.

  • Body

Eagles have a larger body than falcons. Falcons are pretty slim, whereas eagles are wide-chested.

  • Aggressiveness

For a hunting bird, falcons are pretty tame and non-aggressive in nature. On the contrary, eagles are quite hostile and aggressive.

  • Lifespan

Eagles live up to 40 to 50 years but live longer if kept in captivity. Falcons have a very short lifespan of 5 to 7 years, and they, too, live longer when kept in captivity.

  • Gender Identification

Usually, male and female falcons are pretty non-distinguishable. But if you look at their throat and chest, you will find that they have different patterns and colors.


For eagles, the male birds are smaller than the female birds.

  • Eggs

Falcons lay 3 to 4 white eggs at a time with dark brown stains. On the contrary, eagles lay 1 to 2 white eggs at a time with light brown spots.

  • Nests

Falcons build their nests in gravel and debris. Eagles make large nests with sticks and twigs.

Eagles form their nests, called eyries, on top of high cliffs and tall trees. Falcons usually build their nests in large towers and buildings.

Who Would Win in a Fight?


An eagle would win over a falcon in a fight. Eagle is stronger and larger than falcon, they have sharper talons, which have the ability to cause extreme injury. They also have a very strong beak to tear apart their opponent, which in this case, is a falcon.

However, if the falcon ambushes the eagle and hits it with all its might, it will have a better chance of winning. On the other hand, if the eagle can clutch the falcon, the falcon will have no chance of winning.


In case of a stealth attack by the falcon on the eagle, if the eagle overcomes the attack, the falcon will definitely lose and die in the fight.

So, in all kinds of fights, it is most likely that the eagle will win and the falcon will lose.

Final Words

Now you know all there is to know about falcon vs eagle, from their taxonomy to who will win in a fight. From now on, you will not confuse between falcon and eagle anymore; you will recognize them at first glance. You can use all this knowledge to impress others too.

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Birding Blog

Junco vs. Chickadee: What Are the Differences?

Ornithologists have long been fascinated by the differences between Juncos and Chickadees. The two birds are similar in size and shape, but they exhibit a number of distinct differences.

So, what are the differences between Junco vs. Chickadee? The most obvious difference is the appearance of the head and chest. Juncos tend to have grey upper parts, while Chickadees sport a black cap with white stripes on either side.

Follow this article to learn more about these two birds.


What Is a Junco?

Juncos are one of the common birds of America. Their name came from the Spanish word Juncus which means rushes. In winter, you can find these beautiful creatures around your house, which is why it has a fantastic nickname, the snowbird.

The genus of juncos is named the same, Junco. Ornithologists are always in a dilemma about this genus of birds. To some, the genus Junco only has three species. They divide all the other species in these three species into subspecies.

But some consider all the species as individuals, and according to them, there are twelve species of Juncos.

Unlike other birds, they graze on the land. During the winter, they feed in large groups. A favorite food source for these pinkish beaked birds is seeds that have fallen on the ground, bugs, and worms. They normally build their nests on the ground or at the base of a bush or shrub, where they are challenging to find.

You already know that they are found in the winter season mostly. The majority of these birds migrate north to breed in the fall, with a few remaining in the spring around the Northwest and Northeast beaches.

Junco Species and Their Characteristics

The most common species of Junco is the dark-eyed one. Dark-eyed juncos have fifteen subspecies split into six different groups. A few of these subspecies are further subdivided into subgroups. The Oregon group, often known as the brown-backed group, is subdivided into eight subgroups.

Regardless of the fact that they are all members of the same species, several of these birds have radically diverse appearances.

The upper part of dark-eyed Juncos is slate-grey. Dark-eyed Junco’s beak is a bit pinkish. And they have grey chests. The markings on males are often darker and more pronounced than those on females. In size, the female dark-eyed juncos are a bit bigger than the males.

The Oregon or brown-backed juncos are a subspecies of dark-eyed Juncos. Their backs are chestnut colored. The feathers have rust colors. Oregon dark-eyed junco has a totally different body color in comparison with the slate-colored one.

Among many subspecies, one is the white-winged one. Their wing feathers are unique, and no other juncos have feathers like them. A notable feature of the pink-sided Junco is its pinkish sides, which separate it from the other juncos.

The plumage of juvenile juncos is lighter in color than that of adults, and they may have streaks in it.


What Is a Chickadee?

The second bird of our discussion. Another widespread bird from America. They can be found in both Americas but predominantly in North America. Chickadees are small, cute birds from the genus Poecile. However, they are not called Chickadee everywhere.

The other birds of this genus are called tits, and in America, they are called Chickadees. There are fifteen species in this genus, and among them, only seven are known as chickadees. Chickadees are the state birds of Massachusetts and Maine.


Chickadee Species and Their Characteristics

Birds in the world have unique behavior. When the season changes, they migrate from one place to another. But Chickadees do not follow this behavior that much. The black-capped Chickadee does not even bother to migrate.

This black-capped Chickadee is the most famous and widespread of the chickadees, and it is the one that most closely resembles different species of juncos. Their head has black and white stripes. The back is grey colored with black stripes.

Carolina chickadees are kind of similar to the black-capped ones. One difference is that the black-capped Chickadee prefers higher altitudes than the Carolina chickadee.

Some of the chickadees have excellent spatial memory. In winter, they try to retrieve the foods they have stored before. They can do so because of their spatial memory.


Junko vs. Chickadee: Similarities and Differences

Do Junko and Chickadee have similarities from before? Well, they have. These two birds are in the same order, Passeriformes. Chickadees and dark-eyed juncos might appear to be highly identical to one another.

The feathers of these two birds are a mixture of gray and white hues in various shades. They are often the same size and form as one another. When it comes to resemblance with Black-capped chickadees, Oregon or brown-backed juncos stand out the most. They are part of the dark-eyed Junco’s group.

To put it mildlydistinguishing between these two birds is puzzling. Let’s look at the similarities and differences they have between them.


  • Body Color and Features

Let us start with the outer look of these birds. At first, it might look confusing. But we will slowly reveal everything. After reading this, when we give you two birds, you can identify them in a snap.

First comes the Junco. You already know that dark-eyed Junco has grey color in its upperparts. They also have grey colors on their chests.

Secondly, the Chickadee. Something on their head makes the black-capped Chickadee recognizable. It is a black cap that has white stripes on both sides. The color of the wings is usually matte gray in color.

It was aforementioned that the dark-eyed juncos have many subspecies, and they are all different from each other, even though they belong to the same species.

As it turns out, some of these subspecies share certain traits with the Chickadee. Oregon group resembles the most. The Slate-colored Junco of the dark-eyed junco group does not match the black-capped Chickadee.

Like the black-capped Chickadee, the pink-sided group of dark-eyed juncos also have a hat on their heads. Not only them but also some other subspecies of dark-eyed Junco has this black hat on their heads.

Even Carolina chickadees and Mexican chickadees have hats like black-capped chickadees. Now, this hat created the commotion. This means people identify juncos as chickadees because they all have hats.

Now, if you still cannot figure out how to do it, let us rewind a bit. Dark-eyed juncos have grey chests, but the black-capped chickadees do not. They have white color on their chest. And this is the most noticeable distinction between the two birds.

Furthermore, the Chickadee’s body and flanks have light colors than the dark-eyed juncos. While the Chickadee is more delicate, the Junco is rounder and larger than the former.


  • Migration

Many birds from Siberia and the North Pole migrate to different places in winter. To find a better condition, birds even migrate a very long distance. But for our two contenders, this might not be true.

One of them, the chickadees, is not fond of migration. And the most common species of them, the black-capped chickadees, do not migrate at all. If they do migrate, then it will happen in their own region. Maybe you will see them survive the harsh cold of mountains by migrating from there to land.

Junco does migrate. They also migrate to find food and survive the dangerous cold in the winter. The migration distance of the juncos is very short. But it is longer than the chickadees. Dark-eyed juncos of the southern USA are also not likely to migrate. These birds will, at best, go to Central America or Mexico.

  • Behavior and Breeding

We have talked about many things about these two birds, from their outer appearance to their migration, habitats, and more. An essential factor in differentiating one thing from another is behavior. Let us see what kind of behaviors these two birds have.

Juncos have a tendency to stay in hiding which is why they build their nests under the bushes, shrubs, or even under buildings. They even try to hide their nest with materials. But the chickadees make nests higher from the ground. These birds make holes in the tree or even make residence in the nest boxes.

The Black-capped Chickadee tries to show dominance during the breeding season. But these birds are rather social during the non-breeding season.

The egg color of juncos is either a bit gray in color or might be pale-blue white. They lay spotted eggs, and the eggs are a bit sheen. The eggs of chickadees are primarily white and have reddish-brown dots on them.


  • Feeding

These two birds are omnivores with a wide range of food preferences. Juncos, especially the dark-eyed juncos, love to collect their food from the ground. On the other hand, the black-capped chickadees are frequently seen foraging from tree branches or shrubs.

But this is not it! These chickadees love to eat from the bird feeders, and they particularly enjoy suet. This is why you may find a lot of them in your gardens. The juncos also take food from feeders, but they prefer to collect the food from the ground.


  • Call

Chickadees’ naming happened uniquely. This bird is called for the sound it makes, which is pronounced chick-a-dee-dee-dee. However, the juncos are known for making tick noises that are higher in pitch and chip sounds that are also extremely high in pitch.


  • Size and Shape

It is difficult to understand the size of a bird from a distance and distinguish between different species when the birds are already small in size. Chickadees tend to be leaner and slenderer than dark-eyed juncos, which have a rounder, fluffier appearance.

To confuse you more, not all dark-eyed juncos are larger than the chickadees. The Gray-headed group of dark-eyed juncos is smaller in size and resembles the chickadees.

A chickadee’s average height is 12-15 cm. The dark-eyed Junco’s average height is 13-17 cm. Dark-eyed juncos can weigh up to 30 grams, whereas chickadees can weigh only 14 grams.

Like other species in their genus, chickadees have thinner heads and body shapes. The color of chickadees’ beaks is dark. In comparison, the heads of juncos are bulkier and more erect, with short, pale-pink beaks that are faintly colored and lightly patterned.

Clearly, dark-eyed juncos are considerably larger than the black-capped chickadees. They weigh almost double that of the chickadees. Dark-eyed juncos are bigger and more robust, whereas Black-capped chickadees are thinner and more delicate.



Another commonality between these two birds is that they share almost similar habitats and are very much native to America. If I talk about the numbers, the winners might be the juncos, as they have more species and subspecies. But the chickadees only have seven species.

These birds have extremely large populations and are on the IUCN Red List, but they have been classified as the least-concern species. However, dark-eyed juncos greatly exceed Black-capped chickadees in terms of population size.



It is already known that these two birds are from America. And both of these birds can live at high elevations. The dark-eyed juncos are likely to live in the forests of conifer woods. Black-capped chickadees can also live there and in seasonal forests. But they are more adapted to urban life.



Birds are beautiful; there is no doubt about that. There is nothing more soothing than hearing birds chirping when you are strolling on the streets in the morning. And these juncos and chickadees are undoubtedly the mesmerizers out there.

Next time, when you are going for a walk, take a camera with you. Find these birds and click photos of them. Come back home and try to find the differences between Junco vs. Chickadee by matching the attributes from this article.

Read Also: 

Falcon Vs. Hawk

Raven vs. Crow

Falcon vs Eagle


10 Best Binoculars under $50 in 2022

Looking for a great pair of binoculars without breaking the bank?

If you’re just starting out in your wild bird watching hobby or if you want to get the most bang for your buck, this guide will help you make an informed decision on choosing the best binoculars under $50.

Binoculars are an important tool for bird watchers, hunters, and sports fans alike. They allow you to see things that would otherwise be too far away or out of sight.

But with so many different models on the market, it can be hard to find the right one without wasting time and money on something that doesn’t work well enough.

We’ve done all the research for you! This article introduces our top 10 picks among the dozens of binoculars from top brands.

What Are the Benefits of under $50 Dollar Binoculars?

Binoculars work by using lenses to create an image of the object that they are pointed at. They come in different powers, which represent how much closer things look when you use them.

Great for beginners who don’t want to spend a lot of money but want something better than their eyes or handheld telescopes.

These binoculars are specially designed for them with smaller grips and shorter focus distances. It allows the users to be more mobile and can be used for short periods without getting too tired.


Lower Price

Binoculars are not just for birdwatchers. Modern electronics and optics have made it possible to offer a range of binoculars at prices for every budget. That means you can now buy a quality pair of binoculars at a reasonable price.

Whether you are looking for a set of binoculars to use on your next hunting trip or the kids want a pair for watching birds at the park, there is something out there to suit everyone’s needs.


Ease of Use

They are easy to store, carry around and are made of lightweight materials that don’t hurt your neck or shoulders if you keep them hanging from your neck for long periods of time.


Enhanced Safety

Lower-priced binoculars offer enhanced safety to the user. That is because of their size and grip-able range to the user. It is also hard for individuals other than the owner to use these binoculars, making them more safe and secure.

But the binoculars in these ranges also provide good vision as well as clearer images as seen by the users through them.

Top 10 Best Binoculars under $50 Reviews

Here we are exploring the top 10 best binoculars under $50 so that you can easily choose the perfect pair for your needs.

A Quick Comparison (updated in 2022)

  1. Celestron Multi-Coated Binoculars for Adults

Celestron is a name synonymous with excellence in the field of astronomy and telescope optics. With products ranging from binoculars to telescopes for both amateur astronomers and professionals alike, it’s easy to see why they are so popular.

They are designed to handle any weather condition, thanks to their rugged design and protection from outdoor elements. The binocular also gives you a secure grip with its rubber armoring.

It is also great for bird-watching and will suit your needs either way, whether you’re looking for the perfect set that suits your needs and budget or if it’s just for exploring what’s up close to under 50 bucks.

Celestron’s compact Outland X binoculars are designed to provide exceptional clarity. They are also made with Prisms made of BaK-4 glass for enhanced color accuracy. This makes it great both for bird-watching or any other outdoor activity you’re looking for under budget.

They also have fully waterproof and fog proof construction. You can control focus easily thanks to large focus knobs that twist up effortlessly. Twist-up eyecups will let you quickly adjust eye relief for wearing or not wearing your glasses.

This set of binoculars is also great for traveling or hiking, thanks to its compact design. You can simply pack them up and go wherever you want. Plus, the multi-coated lenses allow for brighter images because more light can enter through the lenses to your eyes.

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  • Rugged design with rubber armoring
  • Designed to provide exceptional clarity
  • Made with Prisms made of BaK-4 glass
  • Enhanced color accuracy
  • Fully waterproof and fog proof construction
  • Large focus knobs that twist up effortlessly


  • You may find the view difficult if you wear glasses



This is an ideal option for those who want a great pair of binoculars to keep up with them on their outdoor ventures. Its affordable price tag and its feature-packed performance make it must-have under-budget binoculars.


  1. Omzer High Powered Binocular

OMZER 10×42 High Powered Binocular is designed with high-quality, powerful lenses to offer you the best clarity and resolution every time.

If you’re looking for a high-powered binocular that is great for bird watching, hiking, camping, and other outdoor activities, then the OMZER 10×42 size Compact Binoculars are perfect.

The binoculars have a BAK4 prism which allows them to be used day or night but not in complete darkness. Just make sure to adjust the focus wheel before trying to look at something through it.

At only 4.7 x 5.9 x 2 inches, these high-powered compact HD professional binoculars are easy enough to carry around with you as they come with a storage bag that is included once purchased.

Included rotary eyepieces mean these are suitable for people wearing glasses and those who do not as they can be adjusted. The central focus wheel makes for easy adjustment when staring through the lens, and then the right eye lens can easily be adjusted to achieve a clear view.

For this price range, it’s an excellent product.OMZER binoculars are made from high-quality materials. It makes them skidproof, waterproof, shockproof, and durable, and great for all outdoor adventures.

The OMZER High Powered Binocular is recommended for teens and adults looking for a great high-powered binocular that is compact enough to carry around with them.

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  • 10×42 size
  • High-quality BAK 4 prism
  • 4.7 x 5.9 x 2 inches for easy carrying
  • Rotary eyepieces
  • Central focus wheel


  • Some users may find it challenging to use when it is raining



For the price, this binocular surpasses the quality of others in its range.

OMZER High Powered Binoculars have all the necessary features that people are looking for in their specific set of binoculars at an affordable price point.


  1. Bushnell Falcon Binoculars with Fully Coated Optics

Bushnell’s products are well known for their high quality and value. Perfect for bird-watching and exploring the great outdoors.

Bushnell Falcon binoculars are a pair of binoculars with superior optics and an easy-to-use design. Fully coated optics ensure the best light transmission, while the Instafocus System makes it easy to focus on moving targets.

The non-slip rubberized grip pads make sure you have a secure grip no matter the weather conditions, and 7x magnification makes for fast focusing on distant objects. They also feature a close focusing distance of 20 feet for more convenient use.

Bushnell Falcon Binoculars are a great set of binoculars for exploring the world up close. 35-millimeter lens diameter ensures sharp images while 21-ounce weight makes them lightweight. These binoculars are perfect for bird-watching or other outdoor activities where detail is key.

A 420-foot field of view on the 1000-yard distance lets you explore more of your environment without having to move constantly, while its close focusing distance of 20 feet allows you to examine objects more closely.

A 5 mm exit pupil gives you clear vision even in poor lighting. These features are perfect for getting the best view possible.

These binoculars also come with a convenient carrying case for safe storage and transportation, making them perfect for activities like bird-watching or hunting where a lot of movement is involved.

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  • Fully coated optics
  • Fast focus system for moving targets
  • Weather-resistant rubberized grip pads
  • 7x magnification
  • Fast-focusing on distant objects
  • 420-foot field of view


  • Unless handled carefully, it might break



Bushnell Falcon Binoculars with fully coated optics and Instafocus System will deliver a superior view of your surroundings. Great binoculars around 50 with reliable focus system and weather-resistant grip for comfortable use in any outdoor conditions.


  1. Simmons ProSportPorro Prism Binocular

The Simmons ProSportPorro Prism Binocular is a high-quality optical device with stunning HD clarity made from quality materials.

The binoculars of this brand are the perfect way to get up close and personal with your subject. It’s a budget-friendly binocular that comes in around $50, but still, the quality is good, so it can take quite a bit of abuse if you’re out hiking or bird-watching frequently.

This model has 10x magnification, which means it can magnify your target by 10 times. Now you’ll be able to see every detail up close through the 50mm objective diameter lens, even in dim light, without sacrificing clarity.

Thanks to its fully multi-coated optics system. The field of view on this micro binocular reaches 21 feet, making it ideal for many tasks around the home or when observing nature.

The multi-coated optical glass lenses are treated to deliver the clearest, most targeted images possible. This set of binoculars comes with an easy-to-grip rubber armor exterior, which protects them from everyday bumps and bangs you may encounter on your adventures.

Simple, classic design with Accurate image representation, made with quality materials for durability, great magnification to closely view your target.

Simmons Binoculars are the ideal choice for any outdoor enthusiast. With 12mm eye relief, these binoculars are an excellent value with quality optics in a beautiful design made to last.

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  • 10x magnification
  • Easy to grip rubber armor exterior
  • Multi-coated optical glass lenses
  • The fully multi-coated optics system
  • 21ft field of view


  • Wide eyepieces



Price aside, this is one of our top choices for value-priced binoculars.

The Simmons Binocular has some great features that make it stand out at its price point. It’s a durable, lightweight model with the necessary magnification to get close to your subject without sacrificing clarity.


  1. WangYisheng Shi DAXGD Binoculars

Wangyishengshi DAXGD Binoculars is a multipurpose binocular that can be used for various purposes such as traveling, stadium sports or bird watching. The highest magnification of 10x will allow you to see everything up close.

These binoculars come with an auto-focusing mechanism to make it easier to view the object fully in detail. Beware that these Binoculars cannot be used in total darkness because they do not use night-vision goggles but high-powered HD LLL lenses instead.

However, if you’re looking for a pair for daylight or dusk, then these would be perfect. The lenses are also large enough for you to have a wider range of vision too.

WangyiShengshi is a Professional Manufacturer of Optical Products with the ability to design, develop and supply new optical products according to customers’ requirements.

Rubber material with waterproof, anti-fog, and shockproof functions. This lens has a 50mm diameter and an ultra-wide field of view, which increases the scope of observation.

These binoculars have10 x 50 High Powered Optical Telescope, an adjustable strap, so you can easily carry them around with you wherever you go. A lens cap is included, and an eyepiece cap can prevent scratches on the lenses when they are not in use.

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  • 10x magnification
  • Rubber material with waterproof, anti-fog
  • 10×50 High Powered Optical Telescope
  • Auto-focus mechanism
  • Adjustable strap
  • High powered HD LLL lenses


  • It cannot be used in total darkness
  • A bit hefty



If you’re looking for Binoculars that come at an affordable price and allow you to view objects up-close, then the Wangyishengshi 10×50 High Powered Optical Telescope Binoculars are perfect. And of course, it is very cost-effective compared to other high-power ones.

Bushnell Falcon 10×50 Wide Angle Binoculars (Black) are one of the best binoculars under $50 available in the market. They are compact and lightweight, which makes them easy to carry around. They have a wide field of view and allow you to see objects clearly from a distance.

The Bushnell Falcon 10×50 Wide Angle Binoculars are perfect for birdwatchers, hunters, hikers, and other outdoor enthusiasts. They can also be used for astronomy or surveillance purposes as they have a long eye relief that is ideal for eyeglass wearers.

Bushnell Falcon 10×50 Wide Angle Binoculars (Black) come with an ergonomic design that is comfortable to hold and offers good grip. These binoculars also offer good protection from rain or snow thanks to their coatings. The image quality is excellent, and they come with a limited lifetime warranty.

About this item: 
  • Exit Pupil (millimeter):5, Eye Relief (millimeter):9
  • 25 Feet close focusing distance, 27 Ounce weigh
  • Boasts durable design and rubberized, abrasion resistant finish
  • Porro prism; full lens coating provide sharp viewing


7. Aurosports 10×25 Binoculars for Adults and Kids


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Aurosports 10×25 Binoculars for Adults and Kids is a perfect gift for any nature lover. It is small, lightweight, easy to carry and has a powerful magnification.

This binocular will allow you to see the details of your favorite animal in the wild or watch an interesting bird from the comfort of your home.

About this item:
  • High Powered 10×25 HD Binoculars.
  • Compact Palm Size And Lightweight Binoculars With Only 0.55lb.
  • BAK4 Green coating and fully muti-coated lens, which provides you vivid and real images in backyard bird watching. 

8. Occer 12×25 Compact Binoculars with Clear Low Light Vision, Large Eyepiece Waterproof Binocular 

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The occer 12×25 Compact Binoculars with Clear Low Light Vision, Large Eyepiece Waterproof Binocular for Adults Kids,High Power has a magnification of 12x and a 25mm objective lens diameter. This product is waterproof and fog-proof. , and includes a wrist strap.

The 12×25 Compact Binoculars is a great tool for bird watching, outdoor hunting, sightseeing and travel.

The binoculars are waterproof and fogproof with high power eyepiece that makes it easy to focus on objects at a distance. It also has an easy to use diopter adjustment feature that helps in focusing on objects at different distances.

About this item:
  • This binoculars has 12x magnification, 25mm objective lens and wide field of view, 273ft/1000yds, letting you look farther and see wider. 
  • The binocs can be pull down the rubber eyepieces and more fit the glasses wearer, getting close to lens and see easily. 

Bushnell H2O Waterproof/Fogproof Compact Roof Prism Binocular is a compact, waterproof and fogproof binocular that is great for outdoor use. A compact, lightweight roof prism design means that this Bushnell H2O Waterproof/Fogproof Compact Roof Prism Binocular is perfect for carrying with you on your travels.

With an 8x magnification and 27mm objective lens, it provides a crisp view of the world around you. These binoculars are also fully waterproof and fog-proof.

The Bushnell H2O Waterproof/Fogproof Compact Roof Prism Binocular comes with a convenient neck strap to keep them safe when not in use.

They are also fitted with rubber armoring to ensure they are well protected from knocks too.

  • Magnification x Objective: 8 x 25 millimeter
  • BaK 4 prisms for bright, clear, crisp viewing
  • Multi coated optics for excellent light transmission
  • 100 percent waterproof : O ring sealed and nitrogen purged
  • Non slip rubber armor absorbs shock while providing a firm grip
  • 100 percent waterproof, O ring sealed and nitrogen purged for reliable, fog free performance

10. Bushnell Trophy Binocular, Green 8×32, Roof Prism System 

Check Price On Amazon

Bushnell is a well-known company that produces high-quality optical products. They have been in the industry for more than 50 years and they are the world’s largest manufacturer of binoculars.

Bushnell Trophy Binoculars are one of their most popular and best-selling products. These binoculars offer a lot of features including roof prism system, green 8×32 lens, and focus knob for easy adjustment.

The Bushnell Trophy Binocular will be perfect for someone who enjoys outdoor activities such as birdwatching or hunting because it has a wide field of view, which will make it easier to find your target.

About this item: 
  • Features fully multi-coated lenses, BAK-4 Prisms and lead-free Glass
  • Heavy-duty 100% waterproof/Fog proof construction
  • Large center focus knob and 2-step twist-up eyecups
  • Textured, non-glare, non-slip rubber Armor absorbs shock
  • 8x magnification; 393′ field of view; 10′ close focus; weighs only 15.5 ounces

What to Look for Before Buying Best Binoculars under 50

You don’t need to spend a fortune on binoculars. In fact, you can find some Best Binoculars Under 50. But it’s tough to know which one will be best for you and your budget.

That’s why we’ve put together this guide with all the information you’ll need to make an informed decision about your purchase.


Optical Coatings

They determine the clarity of the image, so it’s essential to look for well-coated optics because they let more light enter, allowing you brighter images with greater detail. The more coatings there are the better the light transmission quality, making your images crisper details.

Multi-coating increases light transmission through an optical surface by applying multiple layers of anti-reflective material. It will help eliminate that “hazy” look caused by glare, which can affect color rendition and sharpness.

Fully multi-coated lenses have more than one layer. Every air to glass lens surface has been coated. Fully multi-coated lenses are recommended for low light conditions or when high contrast is needed.


Lens Diameter

The bigger the lens, the more light it captures and delivers to your eyes. So, a larger lens will be able to reveal greater detail compared to a smaller one.


Field of View

The field of view is how wide the image appears to the eye when looking through the binoculars. The wider, the better because it allows you to see more in your peripheral vision, which gives you a better overall picture. This is important for many uses, like watching sporting events, concerts, or even while birding.



Most binoculars under 50 dollars come with two eyepieces, but higher-quality ones usually only have one. If you don’t like eye strain and like a wider field of view, go for one with two eyepieces. But if you want less eye fatigue and are bothered by astigmatism in your images, consider buying just one eyepiece instead.


Exit Pupil

As you know, the exit pupil is the beam of light that comes out of your binoculars. It’s important to consider because it determines how much light goes into your eyes and how bright your view is. The larger the exit pupil, the more light you’ll see and brighter your images will appear.



For most uses under 50 dollars, a magnification of 7x to 10x is ideal. It’s enough to give you a clear and steady image without breaking the bank. Anything greater than that may be too expensive or too powerful for views at long distances.



Transmission refers to the amount of light entering through your binoculars which affects brightness and clarity. A larger diameter lens will help capture more light making your images brighter with better detail, but it will also be pricier.


Eye Relief

Eye relief is how far you can hold your binoculars away from your eyes and still get a full view of the image. A larger eye relief will allow you to get closer to the eyepieces without straining your eyes, but it also limits the size of lens you can use, which will affect magnification power.



Binoculars under 50 dollars are generally lightweight, making them more comfortable to carry around for extended periods of time. However, you should always make sure that they’re not too heavy, or this could cause neck strain when looking through them for an extended period of time.


Night Vision

Night vision binoculars offer greater depth perception in low light conditions with increased brightness making it easier to see animals.

These features are often found on high-quality binoculars under 50 dollars, but they’re usually too expensive for most people.


Weather Proofing

Weatherproofing ensures that your binoculars aren’t affected by wind, cold, and rain. It’s an important feature, especially if you plan to bring them on camping trips or for outdoor exploration where the weather can be unpredictable.

Find out if your binoculars are waterproof or water-resistant. Make sure that the seals are good enough to keep water from seeping through in certain conditions.

Fog-proof binoculars prevent fogging when moving between temperature extremes which is important for comfort and safety, especially in extreme climates where you need dependable equipment to help you navigate safely.


Adjustable Eyecups

Eyecups are helpful for people seeing with glasses or having trouble getting the right angle to view through binoculars. They’re important for comfort and ease of use, especially at higher magnifications, where keeping your eyes focused on the image can be challenging.



Your binoculars under 50 dollars should be able to withstand a certain amount of abuse. You’ll probably drop them or scratch them,

But they must be durable enough to handle a few knocks if you plan to carry your binoculars around for extended periods. If you opt for cheaper models, make sure that the lenses are well protected from damage.


Top-Rated Brands on the Market

If you’re looking for the best binoculars under 50, then you might want to consider the following brands:



Celestron is a well-known brand in the optics industry with products used by amateur and professional astronomers. Their binoculars are also designed specifically for astronomy which makes them perfect for space exploration.



Omzer’s popular products are built to last with tougher, rugged designs, which makes them ideal for outdoor exploration.

They’re great for sports like hunting and bird-watching, where you need dependable equipment to help you navigate safely, especially in harsh weather conditions or remote areas where the journey is as important as the destination.



Bushnell’s products are known to be of high quality and offer great value for their price. They are ideally suited for bird watching and outdoor exploration.

They’re one of the most popular brands on the market, with products that professionals and amateurs alike can appreciate.



Simmons produces some of the best binoculars under 50 dollars, perfect for bird watchers and nature enthusiasts.

Their products have been designed with comfort and ease-of-use in mind, with features like rubber coating and a center focus knob that helps you quickly adjust your view to maximize clarity.



WangyiShengshi is a relatively unknown brand that produces some of the top binoculars under 50 dollars on the market.

Their product range is designed with comfort and ease-of-use in mind with rubber coating and an easy-to-use center focus knob, which will ensure an enjoyable experience no matter what activity you plan to use them for.


Frequently Asked Question’s

  1. What is the best magnification for binoculars?

This usually depends on the type of activity you plan to use your binoculars for.

If you plan to spot distant objects like birds or space exploration, you’ll need a high magnification at 10x or more. If you need something that will let you keep track of your surroundings and close-up objects like wildlife and sports, then a mid-range magnification like 7x is best.

  1. How do I adjust my binoculars?

Binoculars with a center focus knob allow quick adjustments between different distances at the twist of a few dials,making it easy to track moving targets without constantly looking through them.

  1. Why do I need waterproof binoculars?

There are certain situations where you might find yourself in rain or on the beach for example. You don’t want to risk having your expensive pair of binoculars getting wet and foggy. Hence, getting a waterproof binocular will not only be protected from water, but also from dust and other small particles that can ruin your view.

  1. Are 10X50 binoculars good?

The 10 x 50 refers to the magnification and objective size, which in this case is an entry-level magnification and objective size.

They’re great for close-up viewing and won’t let you see distant objects like space exploration but offer great value for money when it comes to exploring the world up close.

  1. Which is better: 7×50 or 10X50 binoculars?

The 7×50 is the mid-range magnification perfect for exploring your surroundings or tracking moving objects.

They’re more versatile than 10 x 50 binoculars which are better suited to close-up viewing.

  1. Do binoculars work underwater?

No, because water and air have different optical properties, which causes objects to appear differently depending on the medium you’re looking through.

This makes it impossible to get a clear image underwater.


Final Words

We hope this guide has helped you find the best binoculars under $50 for your needs and budget.

With so many binoculars on the market today, it’s essential to know what exactly you want before you start shopping.

It can be worthwhile doing your research beforehand so that you don’t have to waste money on products that are either unsuitable or don’t suit your needs.

Read Also:

Best Binoculars under $100

Best Binoculars Under $200

Best Binoculars under $300

Best Binoculars under $500

Binoculars for Whale Watching

Birding Blog

How Do Birds Mate? (Everything Explained)

Mating is a natural instinct and a common part of every species’ lives. Humans do it, bees do it, insects do it, and even birds do it. But hold on a second, exactly how do birds mate? Well, we have just the answer for you!

To start with, birds mate in a manner that is quite different than that of humans. In most cases, the avian reproductive system is also different and hence uniquely tailored to the demands and needs of the species.

Let us take a closer look at the intricacies of bird mating and how this fascinating phenomenon unfolds.

Avian Reproductive System

The majority of birds mate with a cloacal kiss. A male bird does not have any genitalia similar to that of mammals; instead, both the female and male birds have an avian vent, also known as a cloaca. The reproductive organs of male and female birds appear to be identical from the outside.

A bird’s cloaca, also known as the avian vent, is a single aperture that connects the gastrointestinal, genital, and urine tracts. The cloaca is not only utilized for copulation and mating, but it’s also where a bird’s urine and feces are released and, in females, lets sperm in.

It normally appears as a little hole near the bird’s back that is concealed by feathers. Male birds have testicles while females have only one ovary inside their bodies. Interestingly enough, birds’ reproductive organs change throughout the year depending on environmental factors.

The cloaca swells and grows as seasonal temperatures, levels of light, and food availability mark the start of the mating season. Along with other reproductive organs, it shrinks after breeding is completed to minimize weight and allow for flight and migration.

Mating Rituals

Like any other mating ritual of any species in this world, birds follow a similar pattern. The male birds vie for the attention of the females by competing with each other. Competitive mating displays assisted female birds in selecting the most suitable mates while also aiding birds in distinguishing between various species.

Mating displays appeal to the senses, drawing female birds to individuals who go above and beyond to impress. In addition, they also aid females in determining and ensuring future generations’ fitness, who will become more adept at reproducing as a result.

How Birds Attract Their Mates and Their Courtship Behaviors

To attract mates, birds employ a wide range of strategies. These rituals or exhibitions have mainly these basic components, and they are:


  • Singing

One of the most popular ways birds attract mates is via singing. The complexity of a bird’s song or the range of songs it can generate helps showcase its maturity and intelligence. Both of these are extremely desired qualities in a healthy spouse for birds.

Singing can also be used to establish the limits of a bird’s territory and prevent lesser competitors from entering the race for the attention of a female bird. The males usually perform the singing rituals for courtship, but duets can also be performed as a part of the bonding rituals.


  • Dancing

Dancing is another common courtship ritual of birds, starting from bold dives to elaborate routines including wing flaps, head dips, bill rubbing, or varied steps. In many rituals of bird species, the female tends to observe as the male bird dances for them.

However, some other species may involve the dancing and interaction of both partners. This method helps evaluate and asses in weakness and inexperience among the mates. Therefore, there is little room for reluctance or any weaknesses as it is likely to result in a failed mating.


  • Displays of Plumage

Charismatic plumage colors and extravagant displays of conspicuous feathers, skin sacs, or body shapes is another way of courting a mate. This helps to showcase a bird’s attractiveness as a mate by demonstrating its strength and health.


  • Feeding

Providing food is an important aspect of courtship. A male bird may offer a morsel to a female bird to show that he can obtain food, share it, and feed her while incubating eggs or looking after babies.

For some other species of male birds, he will place a seed or bug in her mouth, as he would while assisting with the feeding of hungry nestlings.


  • Building

Some birds use their architectural abilities to seduce a mate. Males claim territory and demonstrate their ability to protect suitable breeding locations by building nests before the female bird arrives.

In addition, to make their projects and nests more attractive, they may even add decorative pieces such as colorful pebbles, flowers, and so on.


The Act of Mating

The act of courtship before birds’ mate is quite fascinating, with extravagant plumages, exquisite dances, and charming songs. It’s a sight to behold. However, the sex act of birds itself is quite fleeting and lasts for only a mere moment.

Hence the mating display is the one that is extensive meticulously organized and the consequence of millions of years of evolution. Apart from that, in most cases, the actual act of sex is far more pragmatic. This means that for birds, sex is primarily for the purpose of procreation and fertilizing eggs and does not go beyond that.

The mating starts when the male bird perches on a female bird’s back, where the female will arch her back and move her feather. This allows the male’s cloaca to sync with the female’s cloaca in close vicinity.

During the brief contact, which is known as the Cloacal kiss, the male bird releases sperm into the female’s, which hopefully results in a fertilized egg. However, according to studies, only 1 to 2% of the sperm makes it into the female; hence multiple cloacal kisses are needed to increase the chances of insemination.

Within a couple of days of copulation, a female bird can start or even take months to do so. This is because they have the ability to keep the sperm in their body until the conditions are ideal for nesting.

In many cases, the male birds tend to leave right after mating and breeding and usually never participate in nesting or raising the chicks. However, there are some that prefer to rear the baby chicks as a family.

How Long Does It Take for a Bird to Become Pregnant?

Birds do not get pregnant in the same way as mammals do. During the breeding season, female birds seek out a male to fertilize their eggs which are usually laid within 24 to 48 hours of insemination.

However, the egg usually starts developing into a baby bird or chick once it has been laid and hatches at the end of the incubation period.

Are Birds Exclusive? 

Birds form social bonds rather than sexual ones. So birds can either pair up for one mating season or their entire lifetime. They tend to mate with different partners multiple times during one season.

Moreover, since they can store up the sperms in their bodies, they can have sperm from several different male birds when it’s breeding season. This essentially means that the eggs laid may have different fathers.

Furthermore, a female bird may even lay eggs in different nests as they tend to look identical. As a result, two birds may produce offspring who are biologically unrelated to one or both of them. However, this doesn’t deter any of them from raising the chicks as their own.

It’s easier to refer to their bonding as an ‘open relationship’ due to their way of bonding and mating.

How do birds mate diagram:



Avian mating rituals can be quite fascinating, starting from their elaborate courtship rituals to the actual act of mating, even though the act of mating lasts only for a few seconds.

The Cloacal Kiss is the most common way of mating for birds, so whoever said that kissing never causes pregnancy didn’t know much about birds, did they? Therefore, if anyone ever asks you how do birds mate, now you know the answer and much more!

Read Also: Baby Owls: All You Need To Know 2022

Birding Blog

Baby Owls: All You Need To Know 2022

In the Aves world, baby owls are one of the most adorable creatures. Baby owls are called owlets. However, they’re also one of the least understood birds.

There’re some myths about them too. This article will discuss all you need to know about baby owls.

From hatching, food habits, leaving the nest, to learning to hunt prey – during each of the steps, you’ll witness some unique behavioral traits in baby owls.

Although owls are found in the wild as they stay away from humans, you may witness one if you live around a mature forest landscape. And if you see them, it’s better to understand their habits to cope with the situation or help them out.

This article will give all the information about newborn owls. Read along to learn more.

How Many Babies Do Owls Have at Once?

Owls are monogamous, meaning they pair up with a single partner in the breeding season. However, some owl species don’t have this trait, and can mate with multiple owls throughout their lifespan. Also, factors like food scarcity and prey can sometimes cause owls to find new partners.

Many people think that owls only have one baby during the breeding season, but that’s not true. Owls can lay up to 13 eggs a year; 1-4 white eggs are usually laid at once.

During the reproduction phase or breeding season, female owls take care of hatching the eggs. The hatching process may take up to 14-15 days. On the other hand, male owls are responsible for hunting prey and sourcing food for their mate.


How Long Do Baby Owls Stay in The Owl Nest?

Where most birds have a tendency to stay longer in the nest or with their flock, owl babies stay a short time with their family.

In general, owlets stay in the nest for 6 weeks. Owl parents provide shelter and food for their owlets for up to 10-12 weeks. Within this period, owlets become independent and learn to fly and hunt prey.


Do Owls Live in the Same Tree Nest Whole Life?

As owls are not good at building their own nest, they try to settle in one they’ve created for a long time. And they usually don’t create a nestlike other birds. They prefer using a tree branch, platforms, or tree cavity as their nest for more secure accommodation.

Most of the owl species don’t switch to new nests. Only the baby owls switch to a new one during mating season. However, Great Horned owls shift to a new nest after 1 year.


What Do I Need to Know About Baby Owls?

Owls are maybe one of the most interesting creatures of nature. Even if considering the behavior and appearance of owls, you’ll see unique features that are not common in other Aves.


Different Owl Species

There’re over 100 different species of owls in the world, though all owls are classified into two families – Tytonidae and Strigidae.

Tytonidae includes the most common owl species such as barn owls, Madagascar, African Grass, Eastern Grass, Sulawesi Masked, Lesser Sooty, etc.

On the flip side, the Northern Saw-Whet Owls, Barred, Wood, Albertine, Eastern Screech-Owls, BanggaiScopsm, Biak Scops, and Short-eared owl fall in the Strigidae category.

These enigmatic creatures vary greatly in size and shape, but all possess similar character traits.


What Does a Baby Owl Look Like?

Newborn owls are small and fluffy, with soft downy feathers or plumage. They’ve dark eyes and a tuft of hair on top of their head. Unlike other baby birds, owlets have long beaks. These help them while eating.

The baby owl’s eyes are big and tubular eyes and long eyelashes that help protect them from the sun. They usually have a cordiform face. Also, the female owlets have brown feathers around their facial disc.


How Big Are Baby Owls?

If you’ve found an owl and don’t know about her age, you can get an idea by measuring its size and weight.

Baby owls could be as small as 1.5 inches to 2 inches tall when they’re born. Some owl species can also be 3 inches tall at birth. The weight of a newborn owl is typically about 40-60g.

By the end of 2nd week, owlets can size up to 2.1 inches and weigh up to 165g. After 21 days, you’ll start noticing little-grown feathers on their body. During this time, they’ll size around 3.6-inch and weigh up to 239g.

Owlets are considered babies during the first 56 days. And by then, an owl baby, especially Barn owls, can grow up to 260mm or 10.3-inch and weigh around 387g.


What to Feed Baby Owls?

They’re birds of prey. Owls are obligate carnivores and need to eat meat to survive. Baby owls may be able to digest plant matter, but they don’t have the enzymes necessary to break down complex proteins found in plants.

So, baby owls’ diets should consist mostly of meat! They eat a variety of small animals, including mice, lizards, snakes, frogs, and even other birds. Poultry chicks and mice are a good source of meat for owlets.

In general, owls can eat up to 20% of their body weight. For example, they can eat up to 5 mice or chicks per day. You can collect them from pet shops. But make sure to defrost the food before serving.


How Long Do Owls Take to Learn to Fly?

Baby owls can’t fly, but that doesn’t mean they can’t get around. These little birds have a wingspan of only about 2 inches, but they are able to glide and even flap their broad wings to stay aloft.

They also use their beaks and talons to cling to surfaces and move around. It may take up to 5 weeks to try their first flight.


9 Interesting Facts About Owls!

They’re one of the most popular birds in the world and for good reasons. These enigmatic creatures are amazingly adaptable and capable of thriving in various habitats. Here’re nine fascinating facts about owls you may not have known –

1.     Nocturnal Vision

Owls can see better in the complete darkness than most other animals. They have nocturnal vision and use their eyes to locate prey. So, they’re more sensitive to light.

2.     Long Lifespan

Owls can live up to 20 years in the wild and as many as fifty years in captivity.

3.     Can Rotate Head In 360-degree

They can rotate their head 360-degree front to back. And they can move it upside down at around 270-degrees. It allows them to keep an all-around look and be aware of other predators.

4.     Extremely Sensitive Hearing

They find prey by sound. Using their highly sensitive hearing, they can detect the faintest of sounds and distinguish between different sound types.

5.     Unique Communication Skills

Owls use both body language and facial expression to communicate with their mates.

6.     Webbed Feet

Some owls in North America, such as the Great Horned, Barn owls, Snowy, and Flammulated species, have webbed feet, which helps them glide on ice and snow.

7.     Don’t Have Syrinx

Owls are one of only two species in the order Strigiformes that don’t have a syrinx, the other being the kiwi. Instead, they use their vocal tracts to produce sound.

8.     Responsible Behavior

Females are larger than males in most owl species and have a longer period of parental care; the male provides food for the female during incubation, but after that, she actively hunts prey for herself.

9.     Slow Flight Bird

Owls are also known for their slow flight. They can have a larger wingspan than maximum birds. Some owls, like the Barn owls, have a wingspan that’s 3x as large as their body mass. As a result, Barn owls fly slowly, averaging only 2 mph. This slow speed helps them conserve energy.


How Owls Fly Silently?

Baby Owls

Krista Le Piane, from the University of California, North America, has been studying owls for years. According to her research, owls reduce locomotion-induced sound.

They’ve got a suite of wing and feather features, allowing them to fly silently and avoid predators. Their wings are curved so that they can “flap” less, which reduces the noise generated when they move through the air.

Additionally, their soft feathers are arranged in such a way that they create an acoustic barrier around their bodies. This prevents sound from traveling beyond their wings and into the air. Krista says that these features make owls some of the most successful aerial predators out there.


Can I Pet Baby Owls?

You can’t ignore the cuteness of baby owls. And the good part is owls can be good pets, but there’re multiple reasons why you shouldn’t pet an owl.

Carnivores Pets Means Costly

As mentioned earlier, meat is a vital part of their diet. It may not sound like a serious issue, but feeding costly food for 360 days in a row isn’t as easy as it seems. Therefore, carnivores’ pets aren’t affordable to maintain, and you’ll face the same issue with owls as well.

Owls Require Space

Petting owls isn’t like parrots. They need plenty of aviary settings. Also, the cage should be made out of thicker wire, unlike regular cages. Otherwise, owls can easily break and run away.


Regulation on Petting Owl

In the recent pet regulation by International Owl Center, USA, petting owls is strictly prohibited by individual owners.

You can pet an owl only if you or someone in your family is a certified pet trainer. The regulation also stated that you could only pet owls for education purposes.

Owls Are Nocturnal

Following their nature, owls are habituated to doing activities at night. They often create noise during these off-hours. So, it may not be comfortable for your neighbors or your families.


What Do You Do If You Find a Baby Little Owl?

Although they’re wild, owlets require serious care to survive during the early stage. Remember, owl parents don’t leave their babies. If you find one be sure that the mother or father will get back to them at any time.

But you should check whether the owlet is injured or starving. If you encounter any emergency, take the necessary steps to find first aid or food for them. Try to stay near where you’ve found them to see whether the parents are back or not.

If you’re not capable of doing anything or can’t see owl parents after a while, try reaching out to the nearest pet center. They’ll rescue them and take the necessary steps to save the owls.


Frequently Asked Questions

1.     Do owls eat cats?

Yes, they do eat cats. So, be careful when petting owls in your home if you already have a pet cat.

2.     Do baby owls flock together?

Not all owl species flock together. You may see Tawny and Burrowing owls flocking together at some time of the year.

3.     What do you call a group of baby owls?

A group of owls is called broods or parliament. And a group of baby owls is called broods or parliament of owlets.

4.     How do baby owls learn to hunt prey?

Unlike other Aves, owls are self-taught hunters. Owl parents do a common practice –they feed baby owls in less amount after the 12th week of owlets’ birth. They also leave the nest during the day to starve the owlets. Then the owlets begin to try hunting on their own.

5.     Why do baby owls make noise?

Owls use a set of sounds like whistling and shrieking for different purposes. However, they scream mainly to attract attention. Usually, baby owls make noises when starving and asking for food.

On the contrary, adult owls scream when warning or scaring other animals or defending their own nest.


Editor’s Verdict

If you’re interested in raising one as your pet, there’re a few things you need to know. First, baby owls are very active during the dark and need plenty of stimulation.

Second, they’re not very big when they first hatch, so they require a lot of care and attention.

Third, be prepared to spend a lot of money on food and supplies for your owl.

Before deciding to get an owlet, make sure to check out the owl pet regulation in your state, as some regions in the world restrict owl petting, such as Central America and South America.

Hopefully, this article helped you learn all you need to know about baby owls. Baby owls are undoubtedly one of the cutest Aves you’ll ever see.

Read Also: 

Blog Wildlife

Baby Seagulls: All You Need to Know

With more than 50 species, you are sure to find a whole flock of seagulls near a saltwater body regardless of the part of the world you live in.

But did you know that baby seagulls are a lot more interesting than adult ones? Want to know why? Read this article about baby seagulls, and you will learn all you need to know. Let us begin.

The Name

Okay, let us clear one thing out first. There are not really any birds named seagulls. Collectively, the 54 species are all from the gull family. They are mostly coastal species often seen around the sea, and the name seagull just stuck.

So, since there are no “seagulls,” baby gulls from all the species are officially called gull chicks. Pretty straightforward and boring? Just wait till you see one.

The Nest and the Eggs of Seagulls

Hidden in between rocks and pieces of wood or log, seagull nests are made of soft sandy soil, grass, or vegetation to keep them safe from predators and the wind. It is also common for these birds to build shelters in difficult-to-reach places to keep predators away, such as rooftops or ledges on cliff faces.

Gulls build their nests and line them with twigs, feathers, grass, plastic, and rope, among other things. Seagulls lay light greenish, brown, or olive speckled eggs with darker splotches in clutches of two or three.

Gulls are typically monogamous, and they will remain with the same spouse for a long period of time. Using threats and high-pitched cries, both parents keep an eye on their eggs and nest.

For the herring gull, which is the most common sea bird, the incubation period lasts about a month between May and July. Smaller gulls may have a shorter incubation period.

What Do Baby Seagulls Look Like?

While there are minor differences from species to species, most gull chicks are filled with small brown or black dots around their body. Oh, and they are all fluffy and adorable.

Their heads are also speckled like other parts of the body with deep brown or grey beaks and legs. Aside from that, the rest of their body is filled with white, grey, and black-ish feathers up until they are in their second winter.

When they get a bit older, they lose most of the brown and black, and the white becomes more noticeable with the grey encompassing their wing area. Their beaks and legs, meanwhile, show hints of pink.

As for their actual body measurements, due to variations in species, they can range anywhere from 30cm to 80cm in terms of body length. And 61cm to 170cm in terms of wingspan.

The smallest chicks in this spectrum are often little gulls (the actual name of a species of gulls), and the largest is the great black-backed gull. However, it is hard to get an accurate range, so as a general rule of thumb, gull chicks are considered to be close to the sizes of ducklings.

The weights of newborn gulls have been recorded in a variety of ways. Herring gulls were studied for their weight at five days old, and the researchers came up with an average weight of roughly 50 grams.

Gulls of various sizes, including the Herring, Common, and Lesser Black-Backed Gulls, weigh between fifty and one hundred grams on average. Because there is a great deal of variation in size and weight between different gull species, some species might be significantly lighter than larger ones and vice versa.


The Diet of Baby Seagull

Seagull chicks will literally eat whatever their parents put in front of them, which can be anything! The vast majority of this meal will be regurgitated by the parents.

This may include residues of soft or water-soaked foods, as well as undigested food and meals that have been thrown away by their children.

However, a gull’s diet consists primarily of human feces, fish, and plant detritus, although they sometimes eat other animals and plants. Their regular diet is heavily influenced by the meals that are readily available in their environment.

It is also very rare for gull parents to feed their young more than three or six times a day, which is not the case with most other birds.

The Characteristics of Baby Seagull

Soon after hatching, seagull babies begin making begging sounds to demand food. With growth, the chicks become stronger, and the calls become more powerful and audible. When these gull babies are threatened, they utter piercing cries that may be heard for miles.

Young seagulls are also very curious by nature but, at the same time, are wary of humans and other animals. They also tend to leave the nest at a very early age, so you might see them trotting around in high places or even on the ground.

Sure, they might be at risk of falling, but you really do not need to worry about rescuing them unless they are injured.

The parents are also very protective of their children, and they will try and defend them if someone is seen too close to the chicks.

So, it would be best if you only tried to be the hero when you see a gull chick unattended for at least a few hours. That is, unless you want to be clawed, bitten, and vomited on by the parent, of course.

Parents also do not usually allow the juvenile to hang out with other birds. It is pretty weird as seagulls are known to hang around in flocks. For the same reason, a baby gull will not last long in a different nest with another set of parents.

How Long Does Baby Seagulls Take to Grow?

Chicks will mature into fledglings in a couple of months’ time. They may appear a little odd at this time as additional feathers gradually replace the newborn fluff.

When their flight feathers are fully formed, fledglings may attempt to fly for the first time; however, this is usually a failure as a large number of fledglings will fall to the ground.

In most cases, a parent is nearby, screaming out words of encouragement. They may refuse to feed their young in order to encourage them to fly. Make sure to keep an eye out for the parents when you are taking away a young gull, as they might attack you. They might also fail to feed the child with a human around.

It might take up to four years for juvenile herring gulls to reach adulthood. During their second year, the flight is fully learned. They will frequently be found in high areas, whistling at a high level, pleading with their parents to bring them food.

While they are fully able to fly and hunt by themselves, they usually want things easy and ask for food from the adults.

At the age of around 3, they begin to develop the signature white of the seagull around their stomach. The color of their wings also begins to become more uniformly grey. Their tails become darker due to the contrast, and the tips of their bills become black.

When they are fully grown, their wings become grey all over. Their heads and stomachs become white, their tail tips turn black, and their beak gets mostly yellow with subtle hints of red on the lower half.

After the babies are fully mature, the parent will completely abandon them, leaving the bird with no one to beg for food from. But they are fully capable during this time and can live by themselves.

What to Do If You Find a Baby Seagull

Like we said earlier, you should not run to save a baby seagull at the first sign of them crying. Usually, their parents will be around and keeping track. If you feel like it has been long enough without a sighting from the parents, especially if they seem very young and not independent, there are a couple of things you can do.

Return the Chick to the Nest

In the majority of cases, the youngling would have tumbled off the high place of nesting. It will be necessary for you to locate the appropriate nest and be absolutely confident if the bird and the nest match before placing them.

Carry the baby gull while using either new gloves or, at the very least, do not have any other scent on them. Check for injuries for a brief period of time. A newborn seagull that has been injured should be taken to the local wildlife rehab.

Carry the baby into the nest using a ladder, stairway, or whatever technique you have available to get to the nest and set it there. Do this swiftly but carefully, as you do not want to injure yourself in the pursuit!

If the roof containing the nest is harder to locate or is risky to approach, you may choose to place the youngster in a place higher off the ground and not inclined. Also, pick one that is relatively near the nest so that the parents can spot or see it while it is hidden.

If the baby gull is extremely small, make sure it is not exposed to the point where a cat, a dog, or a larger bird thinks it is an easy target.


Call the Local Wildlife Authority

If, for whatever reason, you fail to locate the nest, and the parents do not come for their child, you should call your local wildlife authority immediately.

Also, if the bird is too small, you might need to provide them with warmth as they are unable to create their own heat. But try not to bring the child into the house as the parent might come back.

While you wait for the authority to arrive, you can also try feeding the chick. Seagulls are omnivores, so you really do not need to worry about what to feed them as long as it is not highly processed or inedible. What you need to pay attention to is if the food chunk is soft enough. You can even try drenching the pieces in water.

5 Fun Facts about Seagulls
  1. Seagulls can drink both saltwater and freshwater as there is a salt filter near their nose
  2. When the chicks grow a bit older, seagulls form a small nursery of younglings so that they can play and learn from the adults
  3. Seagulls preserve energy by flying over warm roads or bridges so that they can absorb heat from the roadways
  4. According to native Americans, seagulls are a sign of freedom, adaptability, and carefree-ness
  5. Once in Utah, seagulls helped a whole village of Mormon farmers overcome a massive cricket plague


Frequently Asked Questions

When it comes to baby seagulls, most people have a few typical questions. These frequently asked questions about these adorable baby seagulls may be of use to you.


  • What are some common predators for seagull chicks?

Canines like foxes or the weasel family are some of the most common gull chick predators. Sometimes, if the chick is very small, they might be preyed on by cats as well.

  • Can a baby seagull attack me?

Well, no, a baby seagull might be curious about you and other humans, but it is very rare for them to attack you outright. However, do not take this as an open invitation to approach a gull chick, as the parents are usually nearby and will attack you if they feel threatened.

  • How to check a baby seagull’s age?

The most straightforward way to tell the difference between a fledgling and an adult is to examine the feathers. Some of the feathers on beginners are mottled, whereas the feathers on adolescents are uniform in color.

  • What to do about the seagull nest on my roof?

While we understand it can get annoying to hear a baby cry throughout the day, you cannot legally remove the nest in all parts of the world. Keep your roof clean and have wide lines of sight, and there will not be any nests on your roof. If you do find yourself in this tricky situation, consult the local wildlife authority. 


Let’s Wrap it Up

We hope that now that you are aware of everything there is to know about baby seagulls, you will be able to appreciate how unusual and exciting their lives are the next time you come across one. Baby seagulls will most certainly make your next trip to the beach a memorable one.

Yes, adult seagulls do have a tendency to steal goodies from tourists, but they are still an essential part of the seaside lifestyle and should be overlooked as a minor nuisance. Both for visitors and for residents. Enjoy your next beach trip

Birding Blog

What Is Exit Pupil on Binoculars?

The exit pupil is the size of a light-catching area on an optical instrument. But what is exit pupil on binoculars? And why is it necessary?

When you’re choosing binoculars, one of the most important factors is the optic pupil. It’s actually the size of the lens in your binoculars that lets bright light escape from the device and is indicated in millimeters.

The exit pupil of binoculars must match the viewer’s entrance pupil. It prevents vignetting by properly coupling the optic system with the eye. Also, it affects how well you see details in fainter objects.

Whether using binoculars for bird watching or outdoor sightseeing activities, you should know the size of an object’s exit pupil will help you see better without straining to focus on distant objects at deep twilight.

This detailed guide will help you understand more about this and other relevant factors to enrich your far-sight ability.

Why Is Exit Pupil on Binoculars or Telescopes Important?

It’s a must to know about the key role of exit pupils for beginners, professional hunters, and explorers before and after buying an expensive binocular. It determines the distant data of the object you’re looking at.

As a result, you can identify whether the target is moving or what should be your next step to get a bull’s eye.

The larger the size of your exit pupil, the more light will be transmitted to your eyes. This means you’ll see clearer images, and images will appear sharper.

A large exit pupil is especially important if you’re using binocular eyepieces for hunting or observing wildlife because it lets in lots of light than smaller apertures. It also means you witness less lens glare and a better view in low-light situations.

Binoculars with large exit pupils are better for viewing close targets. On the contrary, smaller exit pupils are best for viewing distant objects.

Having these understandings will help with various purposes, whether you’re camping for a target or just exploring the wild mountain.

What Is the Ideal Size of the Exit Pupil of Binoculars?

If you are a huntsman or bird watcher, the size of your exit pupil is crucial. The exit pupil is the smallest part of binoculars that allows light to pass through. It’s measured in millimeters and has a disk shape at the front end of each eyepiece.

The larger the exit pupil, the better resolution you’ll witness when seeing an object because more light will pass through to your eye pupils.

However, the ideal size of the exit pupil is a topic of much debate and research. There are many factors to consider when choosing an exit pupil, such as the human eye pupil lenses, the effective diameter of the distance, the type of light fixture, and the size of the viewer.

Some experts say that an exit pupil should be as small as possible to reduce eye fatigue, while others argue that a larger exit pupil creates a more immersive experience. It’s crucial to find what works best for your particular project or environment.

·        Average Ideal Exit Pupil Diameter on Binocular

The minimum expected exit pupil size for most hunting optics is 6 mm, and for birding visuals, it ranges from 4 to 6 mm. For binoculars with magnification powers of 10x, a maximum pupil diameter of 8 mm is optimal for most users.

However, some users may benefit from 10 mm, or even 12 mm exits pupils, depending on their individual preferences and needs.

·        Recommended Exit Pupil Size

Human eyes are actually quite interesting. In the daytime, the human pupil widens around 2mm. While seeing objects at night or in a dimmer light, it opens around 7mm when seeing objects.

Having a similar diameter of exit pupil on your binocular is also preferable. The similar dimension passes enough lights through your eye so that you can get enough details of the views.

How to Calculate the Size of the Exit Pupil for Binoculars?

Pupil size changes according to the amount of light entering our eyes. As mentioned earlier, the human eye’s pupil change size according to the brightness of the environment. Pupil size decreases when there is less light.

The exit pupil diameter is the light beam size that leaves the eyepiece of a binocular or telescope. It can be determined by dividing the lens diameter by the telescope’s magnification.

This calculation is important for determining how much light reaches your eye. A larger exit pupil diameter allows more light to reach your eye, which results in a brighter image.

You can calculate the size of the exit pupil for binoculars by dividing the aperture of the objective lenses by the magnification of the binoculars. It’ll give you the diameter of the exit pupil in millimeters.


Exit Pupil Calculation Formula –

  • The aperture of binocular lens ÷ magnification power of binocular = Exit pupil of the binocular

For example, assume you’ve got a magnification of 10X and a size of 1.0m for the mountain peak.

Therefore, the distance from our eyes to the mountain peak is:10x ÷ 1 = 10m

This means that the mountain peak is about 10 meters away from us. When using a telescope instead of binoculars, it becomes much easier to estimate the distance to the mountain peak because telescopes have very high magnifications.


Why There’re Different Sizes of Exit Pupils on Binoculars?

The reason you see different sizes of an exit pupil on different compact binoculars is due to the following factors and purpose:

  • magnification of the binoculars
  • the brightness of the target
  • distance between the observer and the target
  • the angle at which the binocular is held relative to the target (i.e., whether it’s held horizontally or vertically)


Minimal vs. Maximal Exit Pupil – What’s the Difference?

There are two main types of exit pupils: minimal and maximal. A minimal exit pupil is the smallest possible point of light that can be seen through the eyepiece of a telescope or camera.

A maximal exit pupil is the largest possible point of light that can be seen through the eyepiece.

The size of an exit pupil has a significant impact on how well you’ll see celestial objects. If your telescope’s exit pupil is too small, you will not be able to see any detail in the objects you are looking at.

If your telescope’s exit pupil is too large, you’ll be able to see only a part of an objective diameter, and the rest of the part will seem blurry.


How to Calculate Exit Pupil on Different Binoculars?

Depending on the binocular advantage of magnification size and human pupil size, the distance may differ. The size of an exit pupil also depends on the type of binoculars used.

For more information on calculating distances with binoculars, read the below chart –


Binocular Type
Pupils Diameter of Human Eye
Formula (Distant/Pupils)
Exit Pupils of Binoculars
9×42 4.5mm 42 ÷ 4.5 9.3mm
10×50 5mm 50 ÷ 5 10mm
11×50 5.6mm 50 ÷ 5.6 8.9mm
12×60 6.2mm 60 ÷ 6.2 9.7mm
13×70 6.5mm 70 ÷ 6.5 10.8mm
14×80 6.8mm 80 ÷ 6.8 11.8mm
15×100 7.2mm 100 ÷ 7.2 13.9mm
16×120 7.4mm 120 ÷ 7.4 16.2mm
17×150 7.7mm 150 ÷ 7.7 19.5mm


Note: High-quality binoculars with large exit pupils have a brighter image than binoculars with small exit pupils. However, this does not mean that they produce better images. It only means that their images appear brighter because they have a larger area for the light rays coming through the exit pupil to fall onto your retina.


What Affects the Exit Pupil Size on Binoculars?

There’re some other factors also in binoculars that influence exit pupil size as well as the other optical mechanisms such as the focal ratio, entrance pupil, lens lengths, inefficient roof prisms, etc. For example –

  • 9×42 binoculars have a larger exit pupil than 6×30 binoculars.
  • 10×50 binocular has a large exit pupil compared to 7×50 binoculars.
  • 11×50 binocular has an even larger exit pupil than a 10×50 binocular. The difference in the exit pupils of these two binoculars is due to the fact that the 11×50 binoculars use a wider objective lens. So, they result in a longer focal length.
  • 12×60 binocular has a larger entrance pupil than 10×40 binoculars. The 12×60 binoculars operate on a shorter eyepiece tube, which results in a narrower field of view.
  • 13×70 binocular has a larger entry pupil than 12×60 binoculars. Usually, the 13×70 binoculars use a longer eyepiece tube.
  • 14×80 binocular has a larger pupil than 13×70 binoculars. The difference probably comes from the fact that the 14×80 binoculars use a longer objective lens.
  • 15×100 binocular has a larger aperture than 14×80 binoculars. And the 15×100 binoculars use a longer optical system.
  • 16×120 binocular has a larger eye relief than 15×100 binoculars. This size of binoculars uses a longer ocular prism.
  • 17×150 binocular has a larger size of eye relief than 16×120 binoculars. The difference between both binoculars is the 17×150 binoculars use a longer focal length.

Is Eye Relief Same As Exit Pupil on Binocular?

Eye relief and exit relief are two different measures of binoculars for sightseeing. While the exit pupil is the diameter of the light captured area, eye relief is the room size where you place your eyes to see the subject through binoculars. In short, it’s the distance from the eyepiece lens to your eye placement.

It’s another key factor you should consider when buying binoculars. For binoculars that are meant for viewing objects near or far, you will want to consider how much eye relief the binocular has.

If you’re looking at something up close and would like to see everything in the wider field of view at once, then a binocular with a long eye relief will give you more room to move your eyes around without having them touch any part of the eyepiece.

On the other hand, if you’re looking at something far away and don’t plan on getting close enough to see any details, then a shorter eye relief binocular may be better for you.

Why Is Magnification Important for Exit Pupils on Binoculars?

It’s important to choose an appropriate binocular or astronomical telescope magnifying power for your viewing location and observing destination so that you can still see all of the detail in dim objects even if their exits pupils are small.

Even though your binocular lens’ diameter is fixed, the variable of magnification indicates to you that its exit pupil can be anywhere between its minimum and maximum diameter.

When using a 2-10×50 scope that has the option to modify the magnification, it can be set between 2 and 10. It is possible to have an exit pupil with a minimum of 5mm, and a maximum pupil size of 25mm.

So, even though you don’t have an adequate exit pupil on your binoculars, you can see the details of the distant object to an extent.

How Does Exit Pupil Work on Binocular Telescopes?

As you know, a binocular has two lenses, one for each eye. When you hold the binoculars up close to your face, the image formed by the left lens falls on the right side of your retina and vice versa. Your brain combines these two images into one clear picture.

Binoculars must send all of the light rays passing through both lenses to your retina to create this single image.

If the exit pupil is too small, some light transmissions will miss your retina altogether. And if you receive less light, it won’t be able to form a clear image, resulting blurred images. In this case, you won’t be able to see what’s in front of you.

This is why the exit pupil of a binocular must be large enough for you to be able to see what’s in front of you clearly.

The diameter of the exit pupil is measured in millimeters (mm). A larger diameter is better. Binoculars with a 10 mm exit pupil can create a clear image of objects as far as 20m away. Binoculars with an exit pupil of 18 mm can create a clear image of objects as far as 50m away.

Editor’s Verdict

In conclusion, an exit pupil is an important specification to look for when purchasing binoculars. The size of the exit pupil on your binocular should be relative to your eye pupil size.

It determines how well you’ll see the details of objects in both low-light and daylight conditions.

Hopefully, this guide regarding what is exit pupil on binoculars helped you understand everything you searched for. Let me know if you also need assistance in buying the best binoculars for distant data.

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